"Hear, Israel: Yahweh our God. Yahweh is ONE" Deuteronomy 6:4
The Trinity is not Biblical
If you are a Christian and believe the Trinity
is a biblical doctrine that was revealed by God (Yahweh) and His prophets in the Hebrew Scriptures (OT) and taught by Christ and his apostles in
the New Testament, you may be in for quite a shock.
Today, almost all Christian denominations and independent churches embrace the Trinity as a fundamental "biblical" doctrine that alleges the God of the Bible exists as one "essence," comprised of three equally divine, eternal, and distinct persons, identified as God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit.
Regardless of this claim alleged by the Trinity doctrine, in the entire Bible, the God of Israel is never specifically defined, identified, or addressed as a three-person divine being, and neither is Yahshua Christ ever specifically defined, identified, or addressed as "God-incarnate."
What's more, the Trinity doctrine, as defined today, wasn't even formulated until the fourth century, and didn't become an official "Catholic" Church doctrine until the First Council of Constantinople in 381. That's almost four hundred years after the resurrection of Christ and the apostolic age, which is an extraordinary period of time to discover what trinitarian proponents allege is an "obvious" biblical doctrine.
While some Christians
in the first three centuries may have debated the nature of Christ, whether he was simply a man, a divine being,
or both, history clearly shows it wasn't until the early fourth century that a serious controversy over the issue arose between a "Catholic" Bishop named Athanasius and a Church presbyter named Arius.
At the center of the controversy between Athanasius and Arius was the question of Christ's nature and personal relationship to God; specifically, whether Christ was literally "God-incarnate." Athanasius believed that Christ was equal in divinity with God, whereas, Arius believed Christ was less than God.
An in-depth study of this long-lived and very public disagreement between Athanasius and Arius reveals a very sordid history of the Trinity, and how it
eventually became a central Roman Catholic Church doctrine. History also records,
in striking detail, the major political role Emperor Constantine and his imperial Roman forces played in the Catholic
doctrinal debate. (See "Arian Controversy" below and When Jesus Became God")
A comprehensive historical and biblical study of the Trinity should raise serious questions, suspicions and doubts among Bible believing Christians regarding its scriptural and apostolic legitimacy, not to mention the fact that every non-Catholic Christian denomination spin-off since AD 381 has blindly accepted the "Catholic" Trinity doctrine without question regarding its biblical and apostolic legitimacy and sordid history.
Despite the Trinity's acceptance today as a "biblical" doctrine by almost every "Christian" church, scripture clearly reveals that the very idea that the God of Israel is a multi-person divine being was never specifically taught or remotely alluded to by Yahweh or His prophets, Yahshua Christ or his apostles, or any other writers of both the Hebrew and New Testament scriptures.
Unfortunately, you will be hard-pressed to find any Christian pastors or church leaders, and especially any Christians, that can biblically explain and defend the Trinity, or have any knowledge of its sordid history and how it came to be accepted as a Christian Church doctrine.
Top 10 questions that must be answered:
1. If the Trinity is so biblically obvious and beyond refutation, why did it take almost four hundred years after the resurrection of Christ and the apostolic age to discover and establish the doctrine?
2. If Yahshua is literally "God incarnate," existing eternally by nature as "fully God and fully man" as one of three distinct "persons" which make up the "essence" of God's divine nature, why didn’t he clearly explain these crucial details regarding his unique nature to his apostles and followers, and especially to the Jewish leaders who doubted his claim to be the true Messiah?
3. If the God of Israel (Yahweh) literally exists as three distinct, eternal, and equally divine "persons," why isn't this crucial detail clearly explained by Him or His prophets in the Old Testament or by Yahshua or his apostles, or any of the writers of the New Testament?
4. Why did the Catholic Church allow Roman Emperor Constantine, and strong-arm tactics by his imperial forces, to intervene and play such a decisive role in establishing the Trinity as Catholic orthodoxy. (Read "When Jesus Became God" by Richard E. Rubenstein)
5. Why did Yahshua call his Father the "only true God," and "my God" if he is also God? (John17:3)
6. Why did Yahshua say "the Father is greater than I" if he is "equally divine" with God? (John 14:28)
9. Why did the apostle Paul say when "the end" comes "Christ will give the Kingdom back to his Father God?" (1 Corinthians 15:20-28)
10. When Yahshua asked his disciples who they say the son of man is, and Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the son of the living God," why did Yahshua simply agree with Peter's answer without adding that he was also literally God-incarnate? (Matthew 16:13-20)
These, and many other very serious questions, must be answered by those who profess and promote a multi-person God of the Trinity.
Fortunately, biblical and historical evidence about the Trinity reveal truthful answers to all of these serious and perplexing questions.
Scripture tells us that Christian have been personally charged by Christ and his apostles to hold every professed conservator and defender of the faith, such as Christian pastors and teachers, accountable to biblical truth. More specifically, Christians have been "Solemnly Charged" to investigate (See to it, Test it) any controversial "Christian" doctrine and verify, beyond any doubt, its biblical legitimacy, and to also EXPOSE and RENOUNCE any alleged "Christian" doctrine that can be proven false.
The words of Christ and his apostles should be more than
enough to compel Christians to SEEK THE TRUTH about the Trinity. This solemn admonition is clearly what Christ and his apostles had in mind when they communicated
the following warnings in scripture:
And YAHSHUA answered and said to them, "SEE TO IT THAT NO ONE DECEIVES YOU. For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ AND WILL DECEIVE MANY." Matthew 24:4-5
“BEWARE OF THE FALSE PROPHETS, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves." (Matthew 7:15)
You hypocrites, rightly did Isaiah prophesy about you, by saying: ‘This people honors Me with their lips, But their heart is far away from Me. And in vain do they worship Me, TEACHING AS DOCTRINES THE PRECEPTS OF MEN’” (Matthew 15:7-9)
I SOLEMNLY CHARGE YOU in the presence of God and of Yahshua Messiah, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by His appearing and His kingdom: preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires, AND WILL TURN AWAY THEIR EARS FROM THE TRUTH AND WILL TURN ASIDE TO MYTHS. (2 Timothy 4:1-4)
Beloved, DO NOT BELIEVE EVERY SPIRIT, but TEST THE SPIRITS to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world. (1 John 4:1-3)
FALSE PROPHETS AROSE AMONG THE PEOPLE, JUST AS THERE WILL BE FALSE TEACHERS AMONG YOU, WHO WILL SECRETLY BRING IN DESTRUCTIVE HERESIES, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction. (2 Peter 2:1)
But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come. (John 16:13)
As for you, the anointing which you received from Him abides in you, and you have no need for anyone to teach you; but as His anointing teaches you about all things, and is true and is not a lie, and just as it has taught you, you abide in Him. (1 John 2:27)
SEE TO IT THAT NO ONE TAKES YOU CAPTIVE THROUGH PHILOSOPHY and EMPTY DECEPTION, according to the TRADITION OF MEN, according to the elementary principles of the world, RATHER THAN ACCORDING TO CHRIST. (Colossians 2:8)
By covetousness THEY WILL EXPLOIT YOU WITH DECEPTIVE WORDS; for a long time their judgment has not been idle, and their destruction does not slumber. (2 Peter 2:3)
He (Yahweh) replied, “Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites; as it is written: “These people honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me. They worship me in vain; THEIR TEACHINGS ARE MERELY HUMAN TRADITIONS." (Isaiah 29:13)
You have let go of the commands of God and are holding on to human traditions." And he continued, YOU HAVE A FINE WAY OF SETTING ASIDE THE COMMANDS OF GOD IN ORDER TO OBSERVE YOUR OWN TRADITIONS! ...Thus you nullify the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And you do many things like that.” (Mark 7:6-13)
As you continue your study, you will discover that the
Trinity, as defined and taught today, arose hundreds of years AFTER Christ's resurrection and
the apostolic age, not from sound biblical doctrine, but from a "philosophy"
of "false prophets" - grounded in an "empty
deception" of the spiritual and physical "nature"
of Christ. Empty deceptive words were used by those "ravenous
wolves" in "sheep's clothing" along with
the imperial force of Roman emperors to exploit the burgeoning
"Catholic" Church into accepting their man-made
philosophy of a three-person god as orthodox biblical doctrine, which,
according to Christ, is nothing more than an ungodly
"HUMAN TRADITION" and "MYTH."
Understanding the collusion between religious and political figures that led to the Trinity becoming a "Catholic Church" doctrine.
First of all, the Trinity, as it is defined today, was never acknowledged or taught by Christ and his apostles, or by Christians for several centuries after Christ's resurrection and the apostolic age.
The Trinity doctrine was only added by the "Catholic Church" in AD 381. Again, and
this needs to be emphasized often, the Trinity only became "official" Catholic Church doctrine almost four
hundred years after the resurrection of Christ and the apostolic age.
Based on demonstrable biblical and historical evidence, the Trinity can be proven to be a false doctrine. The evidence clearly shows the Trinity is nothing more than a contrived compilation of the philosophies of men who were debating the physical and spiritual nature of Christ's being with regard to his humanity and personal relationship with the one true God of Israel, Yahweh.
In the biblical context of understanding the true nature of
Christ's humanity and personal relationship with his Father, Yahweh, Christ's own words
undeniably reveal the truth in this matter.
When Christ personally addressed his Father in prayer he called Him "the ONLY (monos) TRUE GOD." And upon Christ's resurrection, he told Mary that he was ascending to "...MY GOD and your God." These statements prove conclusively that Christ drew a very specific distinction between his humanity and his Father's supreme deity by making it perfectly clear that his Father, Yahweh, is also his God.
"This is eternal life, that they may know YOU [Yahweh], the ONLY TRUE GOD, AND Yahshua Christ whom You have sent." (John17:3)
Christ said, “Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am ascending to MY FATHER and your Father, to MY GOD and your God.’” (John 20:17)
The last thing Christ declared before he died
on the cross, and the first thing he declared upon his resurrection, was that the one true God of Israel, Yahweh, is "MY GOD." Again, Christ makes it perfectly clear that Yahweh is also his Father and his God.
And about the ninth hour Yahsha cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabaktanei?” that is, “MY GOD, MY GOD, why have You forsaken Me?” (Matthews 27:46)
"I am ascending to MY FATHER and your Father, to MY GOD and your God." (John 20:17)
In addition to personally identifying Yahweh as his Father as his God, Christ also made it very clear that his Father is "GREATER" than he. This makes perfect sense because Christ's God would logically be greater than Christ.
You heard that I said to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because I go to the Father, for THE FATHER IS GREATER THAN I. (John 14:28)
These definitive personal statements, spoken directly by Yahshua Christ
himself, categorically put to rest any idea that Christ was "God incarnate" and that he was equal to God in any way. These statements also puts to rest any idea that the one God of Israel,
Yahweh, is some sort of a tri-personal divine "essence" and that Christ is one of those three divine "persons" which make up the "essence" of a Trinitarian God.
Logically thinking, if Trinitarians believe that "God" consists of three "equally divine persons" that make up a "godhead," how is it that "God the Son," one of the three "equally divine persons" of the Trinitarian godhead, clearly identified "God the Father," another "equally divine person" of the Trinitarian godhead, as "his God?"
Given that Trinitarians say there is but one God, it makes absolutely no logical sense that one of their alleged "co-equal Gods" identifies another one of their "equal Gods" as "his God." There is absolutely no logical way to reconcile the fact that Yahshua Christ identified his Father, Yahweh as "his God."
Not to mention that Christ also clearly stated that "the Father is greater than I." A statement that can't be misconstrued to mean anything other than what it clearly says - that Christ is subordinate to his Father and his God, Yahweh, and that Christ is NOT God.
of the scriptural spin, confusing terms, and
illogical descriptions used by trinitarians to define and defend the "God" of the Trinity, it's the personal
statements made by Christ about his Father and his God that clearly demonstrate one logical conclusion; that there is but one God, whose name is Yahweh, and but one Messiah, whose name is Yahshua. Period! Anything other than this truth being taught as a Christian doctrine must be exposed as an ungodly lie.
Further, personal statements made by the apostle Paul also clearly explains that Christ is, and has always been, subject to the authority of his Father and his God. Paul clearly states that when the "end" comes, Christ will hand over the Kingdom to his Father and God; at which time all things will be in subjection to Yahweh - including Christ himself.
20 But Christ really has been raised from death—the first one of all those who will be raised. 21 Death comes to people because of what one man did. But now there is resurrection from death because of another man. 22 I mean that in Adam all of us die. And in the same way, in Christ all of us will be made alive again. 23 But everyone will be raised to life in the right order. Christ was first to be raised. Then, when Christ comes again, those who belong to him will be raised to life. 24 Then the end will come. Christ will destroy all rulers, authorities, and powers. Then he [Christ] will give the kingdom [back] to God the Father.
25 Christ must rule until God puts all enemies under his control. 26 The last enemy to be destroyed will be death. 27 As the Scriptures say, “God put everything under his control.” When it says that “everything” is put under him [Christ], it is clear that this does not include God himself. [Because] God is the one putting everything under Christ’s control. 28 After everything has been put under Christ, then the Son himself will be put under God. God is the one who put everything under Christ. And Christ will be put under God so that God will be the complete ruler over everything. (1Corinthians 15:20-28)
But I want you to understand that Christ is the head of every man, and the man is the head of a woman, and GOD IS THE HEAD OF CHRIST. (1Corinthians 11:3)
These very important passages clearly explains that Yahshua Christ has never been, nor will ever be, equal to his Father and his God, Yahweh.
Yahshua Christ was his Father's emissary to mankind on earth. Yahweh conferred His authority, power and Kingdom upon His son for a specific purpose and time. Christ accomplished his purpose on earth, and when he defeats the final enemy death he will return to earth to redeem his Father's chosen ones, his work will be finished. PRAISE YAHWEH! PRAISE YAHWEH!
If you currently believe the Trinity, simply because it's what you were taught and understood was accepted as part of your church doctrine, I challenge you to set aside all your preconceived ideas about the Trinity and investigate it thoroughly, as Christ himself implores you to do, and use your God-given "Spirit of truth" to take a closer biblical and historical look at the facts regarding this doctrine and how it came to be forced on believers and erroneously accepted as Christian "Church" doctrine almost 400 years after the apostolic age.
This study of the Trinity Doctrine is based on
biblical and historical academic research. My commentary and conclusions are
based on sound exegesis, logic and reason. I provide scripture and resource
links as well as relevant annotations where needed.
*For an historical perspective on the names Yahweh and
Yahshua and today's church. CLICK HERE.
Neil Jennings Braithwaite Blog Editor
Commonly held definition of the Trinity
The Trinity doctrine is
commonly expressed as the statement that the one God exists as or in three
equally divine “Persons”, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Every term
in this statement (God, exists, as or in, equally divine, Person) has been
variously understood. The guiding principle has been the creedal declaration
that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit of the New Testament are consubstantial
(i.e., the same in substance or essence, Greek: homoousios). Because
this shared substance or essence is a divine one, this is understood to imply
that all three named individuals are divine, and equally so. Yet the three in
some senses “are” the one God of the Bible (Source)
FACT: The above definition of the Trinity is nowhere to be found in
the Bible. Neither is the term "trinity" anywhere to be found in
the Bible. And don't be deceived by terms used by trinitarian apologists such
as consubstantial, homoousios, substance, essence, hypostases (hypostatic
union), ousia, tripersonal, co-eternal, co-equal, or any explanation that
seems cryptic and incomprehensible to "describe" the "God"
identified by the Trinity. All of these terms and explanations originated at
least three centuries after the the apostolic age among Christian
(catholic) authors in an effort to explain and defend their newly imagined
3-in-1 God of the Trinity.
BEFORE YOU READ FURTHER
After the Trinity's formulation and imperial [Roman] enforcement towards the end of the fourth century, this sort of Christian theology reigned more or less unchallenged. But before this, and again in post-Reformation modernity, the origin, meaning, and justification of trinitarian doctrine has been repeatedly disputed. One aspect of these debates concerns the self-consistency of trinitarian theology. If there are three [persons] who are equally divine, isn’t that to say there are at least three gods? Yet the tradition asserts exactly one God. Is the tradition, then, incoherent, and so self-refuting? (Source)
Remember, in the entire Christian Bible, neither Yahweh (the God of Israel), authors of the Old and New Testaments, Yahshua Christ, nor any Apostle or disciple of Christ EVER clearly and unambiguously declared, implied, or taught anything even remotely close to the Trinity as defined today. And more importantly, "No theologian in the first three Christian centuries was a trinitarian in the sense of believing that the one God is tri-personal, consisting of three equally divine “persons”, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit." It was not until Yahshua Christ and his apostles were almost 300 years gone did such a concept of a "three person" God come about?
Let that sink in for a moment; especially if you believe the Bible to be the inspired word of the God of Israel, Yahweh. And remember, the Trinity, as it stands today, wasn't introduced as a part of any Christian "Church" doctrine until almost 400 years after the apostolic age. So much for the Trinity being a God-breathed authoritative apostolic biblical doctrine.
Is the Trinity Biblical Truth or a Lie?
Here's your chance to find out. Pray for guidance from the Spirit of truth that resides in you and read on, paying close attention to all scripture references, and then decide for yourself if the Trinity is biblical truth or a lie. And of utmost importance, always remember what Yahshua Christ said about the "truth".
“If you abide in my word, you are truly my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.” (John 8:31-31)
Trinity History - The Shocking Truth
Most people assume that everything that bears the label "Christian" must have originated with Yahshua Christ and His early followers. But this is definitely not the case. All we have to do is look at the words of Yahshua Christ and His apostles to see that this is clearly not true.
The historical record shows that, just as Yahshua and the New Testament writers foretold, various heretical ideas and false teachers rose up from within the early Church and infiltrated it from without. Christ Himself warned His followers:
And Yahshua answered and said to them, SEE TO IT THAT NO ONE DECEIVES YOU. For MANY WILL COME IN MY NAME, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and WILL DECEIVE MANY. Matthew 24:4-5
MANY FALSE PROPHETS WILL ARISE and WILL MISLEAD MANY. Matthew 24:11
There are many similar warnings in other passages:
I know that after my departure savage wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock; and from among your own selves men will arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away the disciples after them. Acts 20:29-30
For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, whose end will be according to their deeds. Corinthians 11:13-15
For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires, and will turn away their ears from the truth and will turn aside to myths. 2 Timothy 4:2-4
But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will also be false teachers among you, who will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing swift destruction upon themselves. Many will follow their sensuality, and because of them the way of the truth will be maligned; 2 Peter 2:1-2
Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world. 1 John 4:1-3
Barely two decades after Christ's death and resurrection, the apostle Paul wrote that many believers were already "turning away . . . to a different gospel." He wrote that he was forced to contend with "false apostles" and "deceitful workers" who were fraudulently "transforming themselves into apostles of Christ." One of the major problems he had to deal with was "false brethren."
I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him who called you by the grace of Christ, for a different gospel; which is really not another; only there are some who are disturbing you and want to distort the gospel of Christ. But even if we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to what we have preached to you, he is to be accursed! As we have said before, so I say again now, if any man is preaching to you a gospel contrary to what you received, he is to be accursed! (Galatians 1:6)
For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. (2 Corinthians 11:13)
I have been on frequent journeys, in dangers from rivers, dangers from robbers, dangers from my countrymen, dangers from the Gentiles, dangers in the city, dangers in the wilderness, dangers on the sea, dangers among false brethren; (2 Corinthians 11:26)
By late in the first century, conditions had grown so dire that false ministers openly refused to receive representatives of the apostle John and were excommunicating true Christians from the Church!
I wrote something to the church; but Diotrephes, who loves to be first among them, does not accept what we say. For this reason, if I come, I will call attention to his deeds which he does, unjustly accusing us with wicked words; and not satisfied with this, he himself does not receive the brethren, either, and he forbids those who desire to do so and puts them out of the church. (3 John 9-10)
In his classic work, "The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire," famed historian Edward Gibbon wrote of this troubling period calling it a "dark cloud that hangs over the first age of the church." It wasn't long before true servants of God became a marginalized and scattered minority among those calling themselves Christian. A very different religion, now compromised with many concepts and practices rooted in ancient paganism, took hold and transformed the faith founded by Yahshua Christ. (such mixing of religious beliefs being known as syncretism, common in the Roman Empire at the time)
Respected mainline Protestant Jesse Hurlbut says of this time of transformation: "We name the last generation of the first century, from 68 to 100 A.D., 'the age of shadows,' partly because the gloom of persecution was over the church, but more especially because of all the periods in the [church's] history, it is the period about which we know the least. Hurlbut goes on to described the "age of shadows" as separating the original Church from what came later.
"For fifty years after the Apostle Paul's life a curtain hangs over the church, through which we strive vainly to look; and when at last it rises, about 120AD with the writings of the earliest church-fathers, we find a church in many aspects very different from that in the days of St. Peter and St. Paul" (Story of the Christian Church, p. 41).
So we no longer have the clear light of the Book of Acts to guide us; and no author of that age has filled the blank in the history.
This "very different" church would grow in power and influence, and within a few short centuries would come to dominate even the mighty Roman Empire!
By the second century, faithful members of the Church, Christ's "little flock" (Luke 12:32), had largely been scattered by waves of deadly persecution. They held firmly to the biblical truth about Yahshua Christ and God the Father, though they were persecuted by the Roman authorities as well as those who professed Christianity but were in reality teaching "another Yahshua" and a "different gospel" (2 Corinthians 11:4; Galatians 1:6-9).
This was the historical setting in which the doctrine of the Trinity emerged. In those early decades after Yahshua Christ's ministry, death and resurrection, and spanning the next few centuries, various ideas sprang up as to Christ's exact nature. Was he man? Was he God? Was he God appearing as a man? Was he an illusion? Was he a mere man who became God? Was he created by God the Father, or did he exist eternally with the Father?
All of these ideas had their proponents [and opponents]. The unity of belief of the original Church was lost as "new beliefs," many borrowed or adapted from pagan religions, replaced the teachings of Yahshua and the apostles.
Let us be clear that when it comes
to the intellectual and theological debates in those early centuries that led
to the formulation of the Trinity, the true [non Catholic] Church was largely
absent from the scene, having been driven underground. For this reason,
in that stormy period we often see debates not between truth and error, but
between one error and a different error, a fact seldom recognized
by many modern scholars yet critical for our understanding of how the trinity
became a "Christian" church doctrine. (Source)
Early Christianity was theologically diverse.
Although as time went on a “catholic” movement, a bishop-led, developing organization which, at least from the late second century, claimed to be the true successors of Yahshua’s apostles, became increasingly dominant, out-competing many gnostic and quasi-Jewish groups. Still, confining our attention to what scholars now call this “catholic” or “proto-orthodox” Christianity, it contained divergent views about the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
No theologian in the first three
Christian centuries was a trinitarian in the sense of believing that the one
God is tripersonal, containing equally divine "persons," Father, Son,
and Holy Spirit.
The term we translate as “Trinity” (Latin: trinitas, Greek: trias) seems to have come into use only in the last two decades of the second century; but such usage doesn’t reflect trinitarian belief. These late second and third century authors use such terms not to refer to the one God, but rather to refer to the plurality of the one God, together with his Son (on Word) and his Spirit. They profess a “trinity”, triad or threesome, but not a triune or tripersonal God. Nor did they consider these to be equally divine. A common strategy for defending monotheism in this period is to emphasize the unique divinity of the Father. From "Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy"
The God and Father, who holds the universe together, is superior to every being that exists, for he imparts to each one from his own existence that which each one is; the Son, being less than the Father, is superior to rational creatures alone (for he is second to the Father); the Holy Spirit is still less, and dwells within the saints alone. So that in this way the power of the Father is greater than that of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and that of the Son is more than that of the Holy Spirit… Origen of Alexandria (ca. 186–255)
Many scholars call this strain of Christian theology “subordinationist”, as the Son and Spirit are always in some sense derivative of, less than, and subordinate to their source, the one God, that is, the Father. One may also call this theology unitarian, in the sense that the one God just is the Father, and not equally the Son and Spirit, so that the one God is “unipersonal”.
Views about the Spirit remained comparatively undeveloped, mainly because in the New Testament the Spirit was not worshiped.
In the second and third centuries "catholic" Christianity came to attribute a "a divine nature" to Yahshua, and to firmly establish his being called "God."
[This] ...language, which had been very unusual in the first century, now became the norm; Yahshua was now “God” or “a god”, but not the one true God. This divine Son (i.e. the pre-human Yahshua) was mysteriously “generated” by God either just before creation or in timeless eternity. (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Roman Emperor Constantine played a major roll in Trinity History
Roman Emperor Constantine, although held by many to be the first "Christian" Roman Emperor, was actually a sun-worshiper who was only baptized on his deathbed. During his reign he had his eldest son and his wife murdered. He was also vehemently anti-Semitic, referring in one of his edicts to "the detestable Jewish crowd" and "the customs of these most wicked men"—customs that were in fact rooted in the Bible and practiced by Yahshua and the apostles.
As emperor in a period of great tumult within the Roman Empire, Constantine was challenged with keeping the empire unified. He recognized the value of religion in uniting his empire. This was, in fact, one of his primary motivations in accepting and sanctioning the "Christian" religion (which, by this time, had drifted far from the teachings of Yahshua Christ and the apostles and was Christian in name only).
But now Constantine faced a new challenge. Religion researcher Karen Armstrong explains in A History of God that "one of the first problems that had to be solved was the doctrine of God . . . a new danger arose from within which split Christians into bitterly warring camps" (1993, p. 106).
Debate over the nature of God at the Council of Nicaea
Constantine convened the Council of Nicaea in the year 325 as much for political reasons—for unity in the empire—as religious ones. The primary issue at that time came to be known as the Arian controversy.
"In the hope of securing for his throne the support of the growing body of Christians he had shown them considerable favor and it was to his interest to have the church vigorous and united. The Arian controversy was threatening its unity and menacing its strength. He therefore undertook to put an end to the trouble. It was suggested to him, perhaps by the Spanish bishop Hosius, who was influential at court, that if a synod were to meet representing the whole church both east and west, it might be possible to restore harmony.
"Constantine himself of course neither knew nor cared anything about the matter in dispute but he was eager to bring the controversy to a close, and Hosius' advice appealed to him as sound" (Arthur Cushman McGiffert, A History of Christian Thought, 1954, Vol. 1, p. 258).
Arius, a priest from Alexandria, Egypt, taught that Christ,
because He was the Son of God, must have had a beginning and therefore was a
special creation of God. Further, if Yahshua was the Son, the Father of
necessity must be older.
Opposing the teachings of Arius was Athanasius, a deacon also from Alexandria. His view was an early form of Trinitarianism wherein the Father, Son and Holy Spirit were one but at the same time distinct from each other.
The decision as to which view the church council would accept was to a large extent arbitrary. Karen Armstrong explains in A History of God: "When the bishops gathered at Nicaea on May 20, 325, to resolve the crisis, very few would have shared Athanasius's view of Christ. Most held a position midway between Athanasius and Arius" (p. 110).
As emperor, Constantine was in the unusual position of deciding church doctrine even though he was not really a Christian. (The following year is when he had both his wife and son murdered, as previously mentioned).
Historian Henry Chadwick attests, "Constantine, like his father, worshipped the Unconquered Sun" (The Early Church, 1993, p. 122). As to the emperor's embrace of Christianity, Chadwick admits, "His conversion should not be interpreted as an inward experience of grace . . . It was a military matter. His comprehension of Christian doctrine was never very clear" (p. 125).
Chadwick does say that Constantine's deathbed baptism itself "implies no doubt about his Christian belief," it being common for rulers to put off baptism to avoid accountability for things like torture and executing criminals (p. 127). But this justification doesn't really help the case for the emperor's conversion being genuine.
Norbert Brox, a professor of church history, confirms that Constantine was never actually a converted Christian: "Constantine did not experience any conversion; there are no signs of a change of faith in him. He never said of himself that he had turned to another god . . . At the time when he turned to Christianity, for him this was Sol Invictus (the victorious sun god)" (A Concise History of the Early Church, 1996, p. 48).
When it came to the Nicene Council, The Encyclopaedia Britannica states: "Constantine himself presided, actively guiding the discussions, and personally proposed . . . the crucial formula expressing the relation of Christ to God in the creed issued by the council . . . Overawed by the emperor, the bishops, with two exceptions only, signed the creed, many of them much against their inclination" (1971 edition, Vol. 6, "Constantine," p. 386).
With the emperor's approval, the Council rejected the minority view of Arius and, having nothing definitive with which to replace it, approved the view of Athanasius—also a minority view. The church was left in the odd position of officially supporting, from that point forward, the decision made at Nicaea to endorse a belief held by only a minority of those attending.
The groundwork for official acceptance of the Trinity was now laid—but it took more than three centuries after Yahshua Christ's death and resurrection for this unbiblical teaching to emerge! (Source)
The "Arian Controversy" -
Defeating Trinity opposition
The "Arian Controversy"
involves an era in Christian history that played a major role in defeating
Trinity opposition, which resulted in the eventual recognition of the Trinity
as "official" Catholic Church doctrine. The Arian Controversy marks a
point in Christian history long after the Apostolic age when
"Catholic" church leaders, along with the imperial influence and
power of the current Roman Emperor, literally forced the Trinity on "Catholic"
Christians of that era.
The following information is
essential for any "Christian" Church or individual that adheres to
the Trinity, despite its highly problematic origin and meaning.
Here are several important points to note before reading the following excerpt.
- The following piece was written from an impartial historical perspective - not as an argument either for or against the Trinity doctrine.
- No theologian in the first three Christian centuries was a trinitarian, in the sense of believing that God is a tri-personal being; consisting of three equally divine “persons” - God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
- This "controversy" happened about 75 years before the New Testament was even canonized.
- Arius had many supporters who also believed Yahshua was a man created by Yahweh to be His emissary on earth, and that Yahshua was not a divine being who was co-equal with God.
- Both sides in this controversy sought favor from the Roman Emperor, hoping to receive "imperial power" to crush their opponents.
- Eventually, the support of the Roman Emperor tipped the scale against Arius and in favor of assigning deity to Christ.
- Arius and his supporters were excommunicated from the Catholic Church.
- Arius' beliefs regarding the unique divinity of Yahweh were branded as heresy by the church.
- Neither Christ nor any of his apostles ever espoused, taught or supported anything remotely close to the trinity.
- No apostle of Christ had any say or input in developing or adopting the trinity doctrine - as they were all long dead for almost three centuries.
- The Trinity is a pre-New Testament doctrine wholly contrived by "catholic" religious leaders.
It was only in response to the controversy sparked by the Alexandrian presbyter Arius (ca. 256–336) that a critical mass of [catholic] bishops rallied around what eventually became standard language about the Trinity. The Arian Controversy was complex, and has been much illuminated by recent historians (Ayres 2004; Freeman 2008; Hanson 1988; Pelikan 1971; Rubenstein 1999; Williams 2001).
The "Arian Controversy" can be briefly summarized as follows; Alexandrian presbyter Arius taught, in accordance with an earlier subordinationist theological tradition, that the Son of God [Yahshua] was a creature, made by God [Yahweh] from nothing a finite time ago. Some time around 318–21 a controversy broke out, with Arius’ teaching opposed initially by his bishop Alexander of Alexandria (d. 326). Alexander examined and excommunicated Arius. Numerous churchmen, adhering to subordinationist traditions about the Son [Christ] rallied to Arius’ side, while others, favoring theologies holding to the eternal existence of the Son and his (in some sense) ontological equality with the Father, joined his opponents. The dispute threatened to split the church, and a series of councils ensued, variously excommunicating Arius and his defenders and vindicating their opponents.
Each side successively tried to win the favor of the then-current emperor, trying to manipulate Rome's imperial power to crush its opposition.
From the standpoint of later catholic orthodoxy, a key episode in this series occurred in 325, when a council of bishops [at Nicaea] convened by the Emperor Constantine (ca. 280–337) decreed that the Father and Son were homoousios (same substance or essence), and Arius and his party were excommunicated. The intended meaning of ousia here was far from clear, given the term’s complex history and use, and the failure of the council to disambiguate it (Stead 1994, 160–72). They most likely settled on the term because it was disagreeable to the party siding with Arius. However, this new and ambiguous formula fanned the flames of controversy, as subordinationists and anti-subordinationists understood the phrase differently when signing on to it, and later argued for conflicting interpretations of it.
By the time of the council of Constantinople (381 CE), an anti-subordinationist reading, vigorously championed by Alexandrian bishop Athanasius had the upper hand; homoousios was understood as asserting the Father and Son to not merely be similar beings, but in some sense one being. While it stopped short of saying that the Holy Spirit was homoousios with the Father and Son, the council did say that the Holy Spirit “is worshiped and glorified together with the Father and the Son”, and added in a letter accompanying their creed that the three share “a single Godhead and power and substance” (Leith 1982, 33; Tanner 1990, 24, 28).
Over the ensuing period the same sorts of arguments used to promote the divinity of the Son, were reapplied to the Holy Spirit, and eventually inhibitions to applying homoousios to the Holy Spirit evaporated. [Eventually leading to the addition of a third "person" to the divine "essence" of God as defined by Catholic Church doctrine.] (From Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
The Nicene decision didn't end the debate
The Council of Nicaea did not end the controversy. Karen Armstrong explains: "Athanasius managed to impose his theology on the delegates... with the emperor breathing down their necks..."
"The show of agreement pleased Constantine, who had no understanding of the theological issues, but in fact there was no unanimity at Nicaea. After the council, the bishops went on teaching as they had before, and the Arian crisis continued for another sixty years. Arius and his followers fought back and managed to regain imperial favor. Athanasius was exiled no fewer than five times. It was very difficult to make his creed stick" (pp. 110-111).
The ongoing disagreements were at times violent and bloody. Of the aftermath of the Council of Nicaea, noted historian Will Durant writes, "Probably more Christians were slaughtered by Christians in these two years (342-3) than by all the persecutions of Christians by pagans in the history of Rome" (The Story of Civilization, Vol. 4: The Age of Faith, 1950, p. 8). Atrociously, while claiming to be Christian many believers fought and slaughtered one another over their differing views of God!
Of the following decades, Professor Harold Brown, cited earlier, writes: "During the middle decades of this century, from 340 to 380, the history of [Trinity] doctrine looks more like the history of court and church intrigues and social unrest . . . The central doctrines hammered out in this period often appear to have been put through by intrigue or mob violence rather than by the common consent of Christendom led by the Holy Spirit" (p. 119).
Ongoing disputes lead to the Council of Constantinople
In the year 381, 44 years after Constantine's death, Emperor Theodosius the Great convened the Council of Constantinople (today Istanbul, Turkey) to resolve these disputes. Gregory of Nazianzus, recently appointed as archbishop of Constantinople, presided over the council and urged the adoption of his view of the Holy Spirit.
Historian Charles Freeman states: "Virtually nothing is known of the theological debates of the council of 381, but Gregory was certainly hoping to get some acceptance of his belief that the Spirit was consubstantial with the Father [meaning that the persons are of the same being, as substance in this context denotes individual quality].
"Whether he dealt with the matter clumsily or whether there was simply no chance of consensus, the 'Macedonians,' bishops who refused to accept the full divinity of the Holy Spirit, left the council . . . Typically, Gregory berated the bishops for preferring to have a majority rather than simply accepting 'the Divine Word' of the Trinity on his authority" (A.D. 381: Heretics, Pagans and the Dawn of the Monotheistic State, 2008, p. 96).
Gregory soon became ill and had to withdraw from the council. Who would preside now? "So it was that one Nectarius, an elderly city senator who had been a popular prefect in the city as a result of his patronage of the games, but who was still not a baptized Christian, was selected . . . Nectarius appeared to know no theology, and he had to be initiated into the required faith before being baptized and consecrated" (Freeman, pp. 97-98).
Bizarrely, a man who up to this point wasn't a Christian was appointed to preside over a major church council tasked with determining what it would teach regarding the nature of God!
The Trinity becomes official doctrine
The teaching of the three Cappadocian theologians "made it possible for the Council of Constantinople (381) to affirm the divinity of the Holy Spirit, which up to that point had nowhere been clearly stated, not even in Scripture" (The HarperCollins Encyclopedia of Catholicism, "God," p. 568).
The council adopted a statement that translates into English as, in part: "We believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible; and in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all ages . . . And we believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and Giver of life, who proceeds from the Father, who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified, who spoke by the prophets . . ." The statement also affirmed belief "in one holy, catholic [meaning in this context universal, whole or complete] and apostolic Church . . ."
With this declaration in 381, which would become known as the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, the Trinity as generally understood today became the official [Catholic Church] belief and teaching concerning the nature of God.
Theology professor Richard Hanson observes that a result of the council's decision "was to reduce the meanings of the word 'God' from a very large selection of alternatives to one only," such that "when Western man today says 'God' he means the one, sole exclusive [Trinitarian] God and nothing else" (Studies in Christian Antiquity, 1985,pp. 243-244).
Thus, Emperor Theodosius—who himself had been baptized only a year before convening the council—was, like Constantine nearly six decades earlier, instrumental in establishing major church doctrine. As historian Charles Freeman notes: "It is important to remember that Theodosius had no theological background of his own and that he put in place as dogma a formula containing intractable philosophical problems of which he would have been unaware. In effect, the emperor's laws had silenced the debate when it was still unresolved" (p. 103).
Other beliefs about the nature of God banned
Now that a decision had been reached, Theodosius would tolerate no dissenting views. He issued his own edict that read:
"We now order that all [Catholic] churches are to be handed over to the bishops who profess Father, Son and Holy Spirit of a single majesty, of the same glory, of one splendor, who establish no difference by sacrilegious separation, but (who affirm) the order of the Trinity by recognizing the Persons and uniting the Godhead." (quoted by Richard Rubenstein, When Jesus Became God, 1999, p. 223).
Another edict from Theodosius went further in demanding adherence to the new teaching:
"Let us believe the one deity of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, in equal majesty and in a holy Trinity. We authorize the followers of this law to assume the title of Catholic Christians; but as for the others, since, in our judgement, they are foolish madmen, we decree that they shall be branded with the ignominious name of heretics, and shall not presume to give their conventicles [assemblies] the name of churches. They will suffer in the first place the chastisement of the divine condemnation, and the second the punishment which our authority, in accordance with the will of Heaven, shall decide to inflict" (reproduced in Documents of the Christian Church, Henry Bettenson, editor, 1967, p. 22).
Thus we see that a teaching that was foreign to Yahshua Christ, never taught by the apostles and unknown to the other biblical writers, was locked into place and the true biblical revelation about the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit was locked out. Any who disagreed were, in accordance with the edicts of the emperor and church authorities, branded heretics and dealt with accordingly.
Trinity doctrine decided by trial and error
This unusual chain of events is why theology professors Anthony and Richard Hanson would summarize the story in their book Reasonable Belief: A Survey of the Christian Faith by noting that the adoption of the Trinity doctrine came as a result of "a process of theological exploration which lasted at least three hundred years . . . In fact it was a process of trial and error (almost of hit and miss), in which the error was by no means all confined to the unorthodox . . . It would be foolish to represent the doctrine of the Holy Trinity as having been achieved by any other way" (1980, p. 172).
They then conclude: "This was a long, confused, process whereby different schools of thought in the Church worked out for themselves, and then tried to impose on others, their answer to the question, 'How divine is Yahshua Christ?' . . . If ever there was a controversy decided by the method of trial and error, it was this one" (p. 175).
Anglican churchman and Oxford University lecturer K.E. Kirk revealingly writes of the adoption of the doctrine of the Trinity:
"The theological and philosophical vindication of the divinity of the Spirit begins in the fourth century; we naturally turn to the writers of that period to discover what grounds they have for their belief. To our surprise, we are forced to admit that they have none..."
"This failure of Christian theology . . . to produce logical justification of the cardinal point in its trinitarian doctrine is of the greatest possible significance. We are forced, even before turning to the question of the vindication of the doctrine by experience, to ask ourselves whether theology or philosophy has ever produced any reasons why its belief should be Trinitarian" ("The Evolution of the Doctrine of the Trinity," published in Essays on the Trinity and the Incarnation, A.E.J. Rawlinson, editor, 1928, pp. 221-222). (Source)
And therein lies the huge problem
with the Trinity doctrine - it is simply not of the teaching of Yahshua Christ
or the Apostolic age, and can not be explained either biblically,
philosophically, metaphysically, logically or rationally. (Blog
Why believe a teaching that isn't biblical?
This, in brief, is the amazing story of how the doctrine of the Trinity came to be introduced—and how those who refused to accept it came to be branded as heretics or unbelievers.
But should we really base our view of God on a doctrine that isn't spelled out in the Bible, that wasn't formalized until almost four centuries after the time of Yahshua Christ and the apostles, that was debated and argued for decades (not to mention for centuries since), that was imposed by religious councils presided over by scriptural novices and antisemitic nonbelievers and that was "decided by the method of trial and error"?
Of course not. We should instead look to the Word of God—not to ideas of men—to see how our Creator reveals Himself! (Source)
Biblical evidence proves Yahweh has "Sole
The doctrine of the Trinity has no
greater foe than the Hebrew Scriptures.
It is on the strength of
this sacred oracle that the Jew has preserved the concept of One, single,
unique Creator God [Yahweh] who alone is worthy of worship.
Trinitarians undertake a daunting and unholy task as they scour the Jewish Scriptures in search of any text that can be construed as consistent with the doctrine of the Trinity.
No prophet remained silent on the uncompromising radical monotheism demanded by the God of Israel. The Jewish people, therefore, to whom these sublime declarations about the nature of the Almighty were given, knew nothing about a trinity of persons in the godhead. (Source)
Trinity apologists define in great detail that the God of the Bible exists as three co-eternal, co-equal distinct "persons," so it's extremely important to ascertain if the trinity definition of God is accurate.
In order to verify the trinity definition of God, we must look closely at reliable historical evidence of the God of Israel - which is the Hebrew scripture (Old Testament). And because the majority of Christians are trinitarians who believe the Bible to be God's word (i.e, God is the author of the Bible), the big question is:
What does the God of the Bible personally have to say regarding His true "self identity"?
“You are my witnesses,” declares Yahweh, “... so that you may know and believe in me and understand that I am He. No god was formed before me, and none shall be after me. I Myself am Yahweh, and there is no savior besides me." Isaiah 43:10-11
Declare and present your case, also let them consult together! Who made this known from former times, declared it from of old? Was it not I, Yahweh? And there is no other god besides me, a righteous God besides me, and no savior besides me. Isaiah 45:21
Thus says Yahweh, the king of Israel, and its redeemer, Yahweh of hosts: “I am the first, and I am the last, and there is no god besides me." Isaiah 44:6
“You alone are Yahweh. You alone have made the heavens, the heavens of the heavens, and all of their army, the earth and all that is in it, the waters and all that is in them. You give life to all of them, and the army of the heavens worship you. Nehemiah 9:6
Yahweh [God] says, “I am Yahweh, who made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth by Myself." Isaiah 44:24
I am Yahweh, and there is none besides me; besides me there is no god. Isaiah 45:5
I am Yahweh and there is none besides me. Isaiah 45:6
I am Yahweh and there is none besides me. Isaiah 45:18
"I am Yahweh your God" Exodus 20:22
So there you have it!
100% explicit affirmation of the
true identity of the God of the Bible!
Yahweh categorically states there are no other gods besides Him and no other savior besides Him.
So when the God of the Bible personally says, "I am Yahweh your God," it implies a simple equation:
Yahweh = ONE God
Yahweh clearly emphasizes His sole
sovereign divinity when He personally states that He "alone"
[בּד] and "by
Himself" [אֵת] created the heavens and the earth and all that is in them.
It's extremely important to understand that Yahweh never mentions any
other divine "co-equal persons" being with Him; either eternally
before, during or after He created all things. (For a full perspective on
Yahweh's sole sovereign divinity read Isaiah 43-44)
More importantly, this is not a solitary one-off statement by Yahweh or His prophets, but something that is repeated in various forms several hundred times in the Bible - all of which emphatically indicate that Yahweh is, in fact, the sole sovereign God of the Bible.
“Yahweh your God” (11 times
in Genesis 2 alone)
“Yahweh, God of heaven and God of earth” (Gen.24:3,7)
“Yahweh your God” (17 times in Exodus alone)
“Yahweh, God of Israel” (Ex.5:1; 32:27; 34:23)
“I am Yahweh your God” (Ex.6:7; 16:12; 20:2)
“Yahweh our God” (Ex. 5:3, 8:10)
“Yahweh, Yahweh, God of compassion” (Ex.34:6)
While the above quotes are from Genesis and Exodus, the Hebrew Scripture (OT) has over 400 instances that imply this explicit equation in its various forms Yahweh = ONE God.
By contrast, an implied equation Yahshua (Jesus) = God does not occur even once in the entire Bible. NOT ONE TIME!
Yahshua Christ knew for certain that he was NOT GodIt's an irrefutable fact that Yahshua Christ understood that his Father Yahweh was also his God - the one true God of Israel.
Yahshua called out to "his God" from the cross.
And about the ninth hour Yahshua cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabaktanei?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” (Matthew 27:46)
Yahshua told Mary "his Father" was also "his God."
“I [Yahshua] am ascending to MY FATHER [Yahweh] and your Father, to MY GOD [Yahweh] and your God” (John 20:17)Yahshua stated emphatically that his Father, Yahweh, "is GREATER than I."
You heard that I said to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because I go to the Father, for THE FATHER IS GREATER THAN I. (John 14:28)
When Yahshua said Yahweh was the "only true God" what exactly did he mean? The Greek word for only is "monos." Do you think Yahshua misspoke - or maybe he forgot that he was also the "only true God."
"This is eternal life, that they may know You [Yahweh], the ONLY (monos) true God, and Yahshua Christ whom You have sent." (John17:3) (Greek Interlinear)
Original Word: μόνος, η, ον
Part of Speech: Adjective
Usage: only, solitary, desolate.
The above verses could not be more clear, which presents a major dilemma for trinitarians who believe Yahshua is also "God." For starters, the "one true God" Yahshua is speaking of is his Father, Yahweh, not some "godhead" imagined by trinitarians that consists of three equally divine co-equal and co-eternal persons. Yahshua was speaking of the same God who spoke to Moses from the burning bush, telling him His personal name is Yahweh. The evidence is abundantly clear:
Yahshua ≠ God
What Yahshua said about "his Father" and "his God" speaks volumes regarding his personal relationship with the one true God of Israel. As you read to following, ask yourself if these are the statements of someone "equal" or "subordinate" to the one true God of Israel.
- Yahweh is the "only true God." (John 17:3,5:44)
- Yahweh is "his Father." (John 20:17)
- Yahweh is "his God." (John 20:17)
- Yahweh gave him his "authority." (Matthew 28:18)
- Yahweh is "greater than I." (John 14:28)
- Yahweh is "greater than all." (John 10:29)
- Yahweh "commanded" his every word and action. (John 12:49)
- Yahweh "taught" him what to "do" and what to "speak." (John 8:28)
- Yahweh "sent him." (John 5:37)
- Yahweh "anointed" him with the "Holy Spirit." (Acts 10:38)
- Yahweh "glorifies me." (John 8:54)
- Yahweh "dwells in him." (John 17:23)
- Yahweh delivered "all things" to him. (Matthew 11:27)
- Yahweh "testified of me." (John 5:37)
- Yahweh's "Kingdom" is coming. (Luke 4:43)
- Yahweh's "word is truth." (John 8:26)
- Yahweh "loved" him and the world. (John 15:9) (John 3:16)
- Yahweh "raises the dead and gives life." (John 5:21)
- One needs to "believe in" Yahweh. (John 14:1)
- He "honored" Yahweh. (John 12:26)
- He "kept" his Father's "commandments." (John 15:10)
- His teachings were Yahweh's "teachings" (John 7:16)
- It is Yahweh's "Word he keeps." (John 14:23)
- He only "sought" Yahweh's "will." (John 5:30)
- One needs to "worship" and "serve" Yahweh only. (Luke 4:8)
- Yahweh is the "One who seeks and judges." (John 8:50)
- "No one is good except God [Yahweh]." (Mark 10:18)
- Yahweh withheld knowledge from him regarding his "return from Heaven." (Matthew 24:36)
- Yahweh "answered" his prayers. (Matthew 21:22)
- Yahweh "gave him" his followers. (John 17:24)
- Yahshua called Yahweh his "Father" 17 times in his sermon on the mount. (Matthew 5,6,7)
- Yahweh would "send the Holy Spirit." (John 14:26)
- He is "the way" to his Father Yahweh. (John 14:6)
- One can only "come to" his Father Yahweh through him. (John 14:6)
- One must "know" Yahweh to have eternal life. (John 17:3)
- Yahweh's Kingdom can be "within you." (Luke 17:21)
- His followers could "live in" Yahweh's "house". (John 14:2)
- He would "acknowledge" his followers before his Father Yahweh. (Matthew 10:32)
- Do not "put [Yahweh] to the test" (Matthew 4:7)
- "Prayed to" his Father Yahweh. (Luke 22:42)
- "Declared" the "name" Yahweh to his followers. (John 17:26)
- "Cried out" to his Father and his God Yahweh from the cross. (Matthew 27:46)
It is abundantly clear these are are not the statements of someone who is equal
with the one true God of Israel, but someone who is totally subordinate
to the one true God of Israel.
The Apostle Paul said of Yahweh:
- Yahweh "is but one God, the Father." (1 Corinthians 8:6)
- Yahweh "is the head of Christ." (1 Corinthians 11:3)
- Yahweh "raised up Yahshua from the dead." (Romans 8:11)
- Yahweh will "give life to our mortal bodies.". (Romans 8:11)
Three Important Biblical Facts:
1. The one true God of Israel, Yahweh, is both the Father and God of Yahshua Christ.
“I am ascending to MY Father and your Father, to MY God and your God” (John.20:17)
and He [Yahshua] has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father—to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen. (Revelation 1:6)
2. Yahweh alone is the alpha and omega, the one and only creator of heaven and earth and all that is in them, and the true source of our salvation.
I am Yahweh, and there is no savior besides me! (Isaiah 43:11)
“I am Yahweh, who made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth alone, - who was with me?.” (Isaiah 44:24)
For I [Paul] am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God [Yahweh] for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. (Romans 1:16)
3. Yahshua's God was his Father, Yahweh - not the Trinity.
The God of Israel's personal name, YAHWEH, dispels the Trinity concept of a 3-in-1 co-equal, co-eternal god.
I am Yahweh, and there is none besides me; besides me there is no god. (Isaiah 45:5)
I am YAHWEH: that is my name: I will not give MY glory to another, neither my praise to graven images. (Deuteronomy 4:2)
The information presented so far has clearly established through scripture that the name Yahweh always, without exception, refers to a singular (monos) being - never a multi-person being. Yahweh is the name of the God of Israel, and we know this because the God of Israel told Moses that his "forever name" is Yahweh. There is no distinction anywhere in scripture that the term "God" referrers to anyone other than Yahweh, the God of Israel. The Hebrew scripture (OT) states this fact multiple times regarding the name Yahweh - 6,823 times to be exact. To say, believe or teach anything to the contrary is akin to calling Yahweh a liar, and constitutes blasphemy of the highest level.
God of Israel told Moses in Exodus 3:15 that His personal name is
YAHWEH, which He explained means "I am that I am." God
further explained to Moses that YAHWEH is His "forever"
name and is to be remembered as a "memorial name"
"for all generations."
And God said again to Moses, “So you must say to the Israelites, ‘YAHWEH, the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is my name forever - my memorial name for all generations.’ (Exodus 3:15)
So, there you have it - the biblical evidential account of how we know the personal name of the God of Israel is Yahweh (YHWH).
We also know from God's detailed explanation of Himself
that He identifies as a singular being and demands the utmost reverence to be
given to His personal name, Yahweh - not only by His chosen people in Moses'
day, but by His chosen people of "all generations" to come.
why can't you find God's personal name Yahweh in your Bible?
Hebrew scribes believed that God's personal name, Yahweh (YHWH), was to holy to
write or speak. So they wrongly replaced God's personal name 6,823
times in scripture with the Hebrew word Adonai (אֲדֹנָי,
lit. "My LORD"). This number does not include the 49 occurrences
of “Yah” - a
shortened version of Yahweh.
Regrettably, most Bible translations blindly followed the custom of Rabbinic Judaism and also wrongly replaced God's personal name Yahweh with the generic title "LORD" in the Old Testament. This deliberate action virtually eliminates the personal name of the one true God from the Bible; in essence, hiding the sacred memorial name Yahweh from the majority of Christians around the world.
there is nothing in the context of Exodus 3, or anywhere else in the entire
Bible for that matter, to indicate that the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob didn't
want His personal name Yahweh written or spoken. Likewise, nowhere in the bible
is there any indication that there was ever going to be any other name than
Yahweh used to specifically identify the one true God of Israel.
The mistake of Hebrew scribes in removing the personal name of God, Yahweh, followed by most Bible translators, has helped trinitarians perpetuate the deception of a "three person" God, because the personal name Yahweh reveals the true nature of God as a singular being - the ONE true God of Israel - exposing the Trinity as a lie.
should be very concerning to every Christian that the majority of Bible
translations have chosen to remove the personal, forever and memorial name
Yahweh - the author of the Bible itself - and replace that holiest of
names with a generic title LORD.
Let them praise the NAME of YAHWEH, because His NAME alone is exalted. His splendor is above earth and heavens. (Psalms 148:13)
the name Yahweh and replacing it with "LORD" also results in
many somewhat ridiculous passages. For example, which translation of Deuteronomy 4:2 makes more sense?
I am the Lord: that is my NAME: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images.
I am YAHWEH: that is my NAME: I will not give MY glory to another, neither my praise to graven images.
The Old Testament (the literal word of God) tells us some very specific things about the God of Israel's personal name, YAHWEH:
First, that His people (us) should; exalt it, revere it, fear it, remember it, proclaim it, and meditate on it. And second, we are to "praise" and "thank" Yahweh and "make known His deeds."
"Then those who revered Yahweh spoke with one another. And Yahweh listened attentively and heard, and a scroll of remembrance was written before Him of those who revere Yahweh and meditate on His NAME." (Malachi 3:16)
Give thanks to Yahweh; proclaim His NAME; make known His deeds among the peoples. (Psalms 105:1)
Yahweh, our Lord, how majestic is Your NAME in all the earth,
who put your splendor above the heavens. (Psalms 8:1)
Give thanks to Yahweh; call on His NAME. Make his deeds known among the peoples; bring to remembrance that His NAME is exalted. (Isaiah 12:4)
Yahweh is great in Zion, and He is exalted over all the peoples. Let them praise your great and fearful NAME. He is holy. (Psalms 99:2-3)
Let them praise the NAME of Yahweh, because He commanded and they were created. (Psalms 148:5)
Let them praise the NAME of Yahweh, because His NAME alone is is exalted.
His splendor is above earth and heavens. (Psalms 148:13)
of whichever Bible translation you personally prefer, I believe you would agree
there should always be room in a book for the author’s personal name.
The "Lexham English Bible" translation has the personal name Yahweh. You can find it at BibleGateway.com
What value did Yahshua place on his father's personal name?
Did you know that Yahshua was named after his father, Yahweh? And Yahshua even confirmed that he was named after his Father.
Yahshua states emphatically that all power is in the NAME of his Father Yahweh, and that same power is in his name, YAHshua.
"...Holy Father [Yahweh], protect them by the power of your NAME [Yahweh], THE NAME [Yah] YOU GAVE ME, so that they may be one as we are one." (John 17:11)
Yahshua is a compound Hebrew name, with Yah being the shortened version of Yahweh, and shua coming from the Hebrew word yasha which means "brings salvation." Put together, Yahshua literally means "Yahweh's Salvation."
This makes perfect sense when you read what name the angel gave Mary for her son and what Yahweh's son's ultimate purpose would be.
She will bear a son, and you shall call his NAME Yahshua, for he will SAVE his people from their sins.” (Matthew 1:21)
At the time of Christ, and even today, Jewish culture places great emphasis on the Hebrew names of their children. Hebrew names are seen as the embodiment of the past, present and especially the prophetic future of the child. The name Yahshua - Yahweh's Salvation - is truly the name above all names.
"For in our name lies our soul and self. That is why Jews always placed great emphasis on naming a child, for in that name there lay the history and past of the family and the hopes and blessings for the newborn’s success – Jewish success – in life. I know of nothing that so deeply touches a family’s nerve system as the naming of a child." (Rabbi Berel Wein)
The Apostle Paul understood that
The God of Israel, Yahweh bestowed His powerful name on His son, Yahshua. Paul describes Yahshua
as the "name above every name" and makes it abundantly
clear that Yahshua Christ is Lord, but only "to the glory of God the
Father," Yahweh - in whose name the power ultimately resides, and in whose name Yahshua derives his power and authority.
It is only by Yahweh's authority that His son bears His personal name (YAH), along with the power and authority which the name Yahweh ultimately holds.
For this reason also, God [Yahweh] highly exalted Him [Yahshua], and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, so that at the name of YAHSHUA every knee will bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and that every tongue will confess that YAHSHUA Christ is Lord, TO THE GLORY OF God the Father [Yahweh]. (Phillipians 2:9-11)
It's of utmost of importance here to note that Yahshua's existence and ultimate purpose was "to the glory of his Father, Yahweh."
Matt 7:29 tells us: "He (Yahshua) was teaching them as a person having authority, and not as their scribes." In the hearing of his faithful apostles, Jesus prayed to Yahweh, his God, saying:
"I have made YOUR NAME [Yahweh] manifest to the men you gave me out of the world.... I have made YOUR NAME known to them and will make it known." (John 17:6)
"... and I have made YOUR NAME [Yahweh] known to them, and will make it known, so that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.” (John 17:26)
So what "name" do
you suppose Yahshua made known to his disciples? Was it LORD, or God, or maybe
even Father? Since these are generic titles, the answer is quite obvious.
Yahshua said, "I have made Your Name
known," he did not say, "I have made Your Title known." The name Yahshua made known
was the name of his Father and his God, Yahweh.
doesn't it seem clear and logical why Yahshua instructed us in Matthew 6:9 to pray "Hallowed be THY NAME" not "hidden be THY
NAME." Yahshua faithfully showed why the name of his
father, Yahweh, must be known to us, for only by that way would we know who
Yahshua Christ truly is, and how he personally set the pattern for pure
is directly tied to our having eternal life, for Yahshua himself said in prayer
"And this is eternal life, that they might know YOU [Yahweh] THE ONLY TRUE GOD, and Yahshua Christ, whom YOU [Yahweh] have sent.” (John 17:3)Yahshua could not have been more clear. To have eternal life one must know Yahweh, the ONLY true God, and also know Yahshua Christ - His only son.
Yahweh's salvation was made
available to us through His only son Yahshua.
(Remember what Yahshua means?) Yahweh anointed His son Yahshua as the true
Messiah. With regard to our salvation, Yahshua, emphatically said:
“I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father [Yahweh] except through me. (John 14:6)
Yahshua clearly states here that he
is "the way" to his father Yahweh - who is our salvation.
Yahshua understood that he was "the way" - not "the
destination." He understood that his father Yahweh is the destination -
and always has been from the beginning of time.
I myself am Yahweh, and there is no savior besides me! (Isaiah 43:11)
But as for me, I will look to Yahweh; I will wait for the God of my salvation. My God will hear me. (Micah 7:7)
Biblical facts about the ONE true God - Yahweh
- YAHWEH is the ONE and ONLY Creator -
Yahweh says, “I am Yahweh, who made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth alone, - who was with me?.” (Isaiah 44:24)
I am Yahweh and there is none besides me. I form light and I create darkness; I make peace and I create evil; I am Yahweh; I do all these things. Isaiah 45:6-7
Thus says Yahweh, the holy one of Israel, and its maker:
I myself made the earth, and I created humankind upon it.
I, my hands, stretched out the heavens, and I commanded all their host. Isaiah 45:5
For thus says Yahweh, who created the heavens, he is God, who formed the earth and who made it. He himself established it; he did not create it as emptiness - he formed it for inhabiting. I am Yahweh and there is none besides me. Isaiah 45:18
...there is no God but one. ...yet for us there is but one God, the Father (Yahweh), from whom are all things and we exist for Him; 1 Corinthians 8:6
Then Hezekiah prayed before the face of Yahweh and said, “O Yahweh, God of Israel who lives above the cherubim. You are God, you alone, of all the kingdoms of the world; you [alone] have made the heavens and the earth. (2 Kings 19:15)
“You alone are Yahweh. You alone have made the heavens, the heavens of the heavens, and all of their army, the earth and all that is in it, the waters and all that is in them. You give life to all of them, and the army of the heavens worship you. (Nehemiah 9:6)
Blessed be Yahweh God, the God of Israel, who alone does wonderful things. (Psalm 72:18)
...that they may know that you, whose name is Yahweh, you alone, are the Most High over the whole earth. (Psalm 83:18)
SPECIAL NOTE: 55 Bible translations all state the same thing - that Yahweh alone, by himself, created ALL THINGS. Many translations also emphasize deeper Hebrew textual meaning that "no one else was with Him/Yahweh". (See for yourself - Isaiah 44:24). Obviously, Isaiah was not a trinitarian, otherwise he would have mentioned that Yahshua, not Yahweh, was actually the creator of all things. Trinitarians try and reconcile this absurd notion by conflating the context of John 1:3,10, Col. 1:16, 1 Cor. 8:6 to somehow supersede the irrefutable word of Yahweh in Isaiah 44:24.
- YAHWEH has Sole, Unshared and Unrivalled Sovereignty -
The trinitarian term “coequality”, which is fundamental to its doctrine, is a total denial of Yahweh’s greatest divine attribute - His sole, unshared and unrivalled sovereignty.
Yahweh clearly defined in the Bible (that He authored) that He has NO peer, NO equal, NO coequal, and is eternally immutable. PERIOD!
“For I, Yahweh, have not changed..." (Malachi 3:6a)
Take note of the Hebrew definition of the words "alone, above, and all" in the following scripture verses:
bad (alone): separation, a part (From "badad")
Original Word: בּד
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Definition: separation, apart
badad: to be separate, isolated
Original Word: בָּדד
Part of Speech: Verb
Definition: to be separate, isolated
al (above): upon, above, over
Original Word: עַל
Part of Speech: Preposition
Definition: upon, above, over
kol (all): the whole, all
Original Word: כֹּל
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Definition: the whole, all
...that they may know that you, WHOSE NAME IS YAHWEH, you alone, are the Most High over the whole earth. (Psalm 83:18)
“Yours is the kingdom, O Yahweh, and you are exalted as head above all” (1 Chronicles 29:11).
"For Yahweh is a great God, and a great King above all gods.” (Psalm 95:3)
Commit your hearts to Yahweh and serve Him alone. (1Sam. 7:3)
So the Israelites removed the Baals and the Ashtoreths, and they served Yahweh alone. (1 Sam. 7:4)
Now, my Lord Yahweh, you alone are God, and your words are true. You have promised this good to your servant. (2 Sam. 7:28)
Then Hezekiah prayed before the face of Yahweh and said, “O Yahweh, God of Israel who lives above the cherubim. You are God, you alone, of all the kingdoms of the world; you [alone] have made the heavens and the earth. (2 Kings 19:15)
“You alone are Yahweh. You alone have made the heavens, the heavens of the heavens, and all of their army, the earth and all that is in it, the waters and all that is in them. You [alone] give life to all of them, and the army of the heavens worship you. (Nehemiah 9:6)
Blessed be Yahweh God, the God of Israel, who alone does wonderful things. (Psalm 72:18)
actually calls Himself a “Soul”, which is the equivalent of ‘Self’ -
In Isaiah 42:1 God speaks of “My Soul”. The Hebrew nephesh here translated ‘soul’ is used consistently to mean an individual, that is, a single self, whether animal, human or God Himself. Yahweh describes himself as a Single Individual Soul, a “Self”. This fact is verified thousands of times throughout the Bible, not only by the use of His Personal Name, but also by personal pronouns.
Whenever God speaks of Himself or is addressed or referred to by others, singular personal pronouns are used. When referring to Himself God says, ‘I’, ‘Me’, ‘My’, ‘Mine’ in the first person. When He is prayed to He is addressed in the second person singular, ‘Thou’, ‘Thee’, ‘Thy’ or ‘Thine’, but this is old English, and not so obvious today because our ‘you’ can be either singular or plural in meaning depending on context and whether the attending verbs and pronouns are singular or plural. Then, when someone refers to God indirectly, the third person singular ‘He’, ‘Him’, ‘His’, ‘Himself’ are invariably used.
Language has no stronger way of conveying that the God of the Bible is a Single Personal Self when it uses thousands and thousands of singular personal pronouns with singular verbs in conjunction with His Personal Name! (There are only four exceptions to this overwhelming rule. In those four exceptions God uses what Bible scholars call the royal courtly language, “Let us …” These four are not exceptions that prove God is after all a plurality of Persons. They are easily explained in their particular contexts.) The fact is, in the Old Testament, Yahweh never refers to more than one Individual God and certainly not a trinity of Persons. (source)
Consequently, the fundamental
trinitarian doctrine of a god consisting of three "coequal"
persons that somehow mysteriously "share" a singular divine
supremacy is a blatantly ignorant and blasphemous denial of Yahweh's sole,
unshared and unrivalled supremacy.
- YAHWEH is the ONE and ONLY God of Israel -
Yahweh emphatically says that He
alone is the God of Israel. Not once in Hebrew scripture is Yahweh or
"God" ever referred to as "one person" of a three
person co-equal and co-eternal godhead.
And afterward, Moses and Aaron went,
and they said to Pharaoh, “Thus says Yahweh the God
of Israel, ‘Release my people so that they may hold a festival for
me in the desert.’” (Exodus 5:1)
And he said to them, “Thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel, ‘Put each his
sword on his side. Go back and forth from gate to gate in the camp, and kill,
each his brother and each his friend and each his close relative.’” (Exodus 32:27)
Three times in the year all your
males will appear before the Lord, Yahweh, the God
of Israel, (Exodus 34:23)
“I am Yahweh, and there is no other, besides me there is no God” (Isaiah 45:5);
Yahweh spoke to Moses and gave him a
very specific directive - Moses was
to go to Pharaoh and the Israelites and lead the Israelites out of the bondage
of Egypt. God identified Himself by NAME to Moses to give credible evidence to
the Israelites that his message was indeed from their God. God also wanted the
Israelites to know that His personal name is Yahweh, which is a memorial to be
remembered forever by all generations.
God said. "And now, look, the cry of distress of the Israelites has come to me, and also I see the oppression with which the Egyptians are oppressing them. 10 And now come, and I will send you to Pharaoh, and you must bring my people, the Israelites, out from Egypt.”
11 But Moses said to God, “Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh and that I should bring the Israelites out from Egypt?” 12 And God said, “Because I am with you, and this will be the sign for you that I myself have sent you: When you bring the people out from Egypt, you will serve God on this mountain.” 13 But Moses said to God, “Look, if I go to the Israelites and I say to them, ‘The God of your ancestors has sent me to you,’ and they say to me, ‘What is his NAME?’ then what shall I say to them?” 14 And God said to Moses, “I am that I am.” And he said, “So you must say to the Israelites, ‘I am sent me to you.’”
15 And God said again to Moses, “So you must say to the Israelites, ‘YAHWEH, the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is my name forever, and this is my remembrance from generation to generation.’ 16 Go and gather the elders of Israel and say to them, ‘YAHWEH, the God of your ancestors, appeared to me, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, “I have carefully attended to you and what has been done to you in Egypt.” 17 And I said, “I will bring you up from the misery of Egypt..." (Exodus 3:9-17)
Yahshua knew his Father, Yahweh is the "ONLY TRUE GOD."
"This is eternal life, that they may know You [Yahweh], the ONLY true God, and Yahshua Christ whom You have sent." (John17:3)
King David understood that the ONE
and ONLY God is Yahweh:
"But as for me, I trust you, O YAHWEH. I say, “You are my GOD.” (Psalms 31:14)
- Does the SHEMA prove the Trinity?
Trinitarian apologists use the most-sacred Jewish passage (The Shema), "Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is ONE" (אֶחָד – Hebrew: echad), to prove the doctrine of the Trinity. To the surprise of many, Trinitarians will often use this most-sacred passage which declares the oneness of God to support their belief in a triune (3 Person) nature of God. The doctrine of the Trinity has no greater foe than the declaration in Deuteronomy 6:4. Let’s examine this well-worn trinitarian argument more closely.
“Hear, Israel, Yahweh our God, Yahweh is ONE."
To support their claim that there are multiple persons within the godhead, trinitarians insist that the Hebrew word אֶחָד, (echad), meaning “one” at the end of Deuteronomy 6:4 does not mean an absolute one. Rather, they argue, this verse can only signify a “compound unity,” or many things in one. They will often cite two verses to support this assertion.
Then they came to the Valley of Eshcol, and there cut down a branch with one אֶחָד, echad) cluster of grapes; they carried it between two of them on a pole. They also brought some of the pomegranates and figs. (Numbers 13:23)
And God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one (אֶחָד, echad) day. (Genesis 1:5)
From these verses, they insist, it is clear that the Hebrew word אֶחָד (echad) can only mean a fusion [or cluster] of a number of things into one.
Although this assertion is as flawed as the Trinity doctrine it seeks to support, for those who lack an elementary knowledge of the Hebrew language, this argument can be rather puzzling.
The word echad in the Hebrew language functions in precisely the same manner as the word “one” does in the English language. In the English language it can be said, “these four chairs and the table make up one dinette set,” or alternatively, “There is one penny in my hand.” Using these two examples, it is easy to see how the English word “one” can mean either many things in one, as in the case of the dinette set, or one alone, as in the case of the penny.
Although the Hebrew word echad functions in the exact same manner, evangelical Christians will never offer biblical examples where the word echad means “one alone.” Thus, by only presenting Scriptural verses such as Genesis 1:5 and Numbers 23:13, it creates the illusion to the novice that the word echad is somehow synonymous with a compound unity. Nothing, of course, could be further from the truth. For example, the Torah states,
עַל פִּי שְׁנַיִם עֵדִים, אוֹ שְׁלֹשָׁה עֵדִים יוּמַת הַמֵּת: לֹא יוּמַת, עַל פִּי עֵד אֶחָד
At the mouth of two witnesses or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; but at the mouth of one (אֶחָד) witness he shall not be put to death. (Deuteronomy 17:6)
לא יָקוּם עֵד אֶחָד בְּאִישׁ, לְכָל-עָוֹן וּלְכָל-חַטָּאת, בְּכָל-חֵטְא, אֲשֶׁר יֶחֱטָא: עַל-פִּי שְׁנֵי עֵדִים, אוֹ עַל-פִּי שְׁלֹשָׁה-עֵדִים–יָקוּם דָּבָר.
One (אֶחָד) witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity or sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or the mouth of three witnesses, shall a matter be established. (Deuteronomy 19:15)
יֵשׁ אֶחָד וְאֵין שֵׁנִי גַּם בֵּן וָאָח אֵין לוֹ, וְאֵין קֵץ לְכָל עֲמָלוֹ גַּם עיניו (עֵינוֹ), לֹא תִשְׂבַּע עֹשֶׁר; וּלְמִי אֲנִי עָמֵל, וּמְחַסֵּר אֶת נַפְשִׁי מִטּוֹבָה גַּם זֶה הֶבֶל וְעִנְיַן רָע, הוּא.
There is one (אֶחָד) alone, without a companion; yes he has neither son nor brother… (Ecclesiastes 4:8)
כֻּלָּנוּ, בְּנֵי אִישׁ אֶחָד נָחְנוּ; כֵּנִים אֲנַחְנוּ, לֹא הָיוּ עֲבָדֶיךָ מְרַגְּלִים.
“We are all one (אֶחָד) man’s sons; we are upright men, thy servants are no spies.” (Genesis 42:11)
וַיַּעַשׂ יְהוָה אֶת הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה, מִמָּחֳרָת, וַיָּמָת, כֹּל מִקְנֵה מִצְרָיִם; וּמִמִּקְנֵה בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, לֹא מֵת אֶחָד
The next day the Lord did it: All the livestock of the Egyptians died, but not one (אֶחָד) animal belonging to the Israelites died. (Exodus 9:6)
שְׁלַח לְךָ אֲנָשִׁים, וְיָתֻרוּ אֶת אֶרֶץ כְּנַעַן, אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי נֹתֵן, לִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל: אִישׁ אֶחָד אִישׁ אֶחָד לְמַטֵּה אֲבֹתָיו, תִּשְׁלָחוּ כֹּל, נָשִׂיא בָהֶם
“Send men to scout the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelite people; send one (אֶחָד) man from each of their ancestral tribes, each one (אֶחָד) a leader among them.” (Numbers 13:2)
In the above verses the exact same Hebrew word "echad" אֶחָד is used, and clearly the word (echad) is referring to one alone, NOT a “compound unity.”
There is a big question that immediately comes to mind: If the Hebrew word אֶחָד (echad) can signify either a compound unity or one alone, how can one tell which definition is operative when studying a verse?
The answer lies in the "context," which is always determinative. In the exact same way the word “one” is understood in the English language, that is, from the context. “Four chairs and a table make up one dinette set” is a compound unity, and “Hear O Israel, Yahweh our God, Yahweh is ONE” is unsullied monotheism. (SOURCE)
Original Word: אֶחָד
Part of Speech: Adjective
- YAHWEH is our SAVIOR - the sole source of our SALVATION -
Yahweh emphatically says over and over in the Bible that He alone is the savior of mankind.
I myself am Yahweh, and there is no savior besides me! (Isaiah 43:11)
I, [am] Yahweh,
And there is no other god besides me,
a righteous God besides me,
and no savior besides me.
Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth,
for I am God and there is none besides me. (Isaiah 45:21-22)
Yahweh is my strength and song,
And He has become my salvation;
This is my God, and I will praise Him;
My father’s God, and I will extol Him. (Exodus 15:2)
Yahweh has bared his holy arm to the eyes of all the nations,
and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God. (Isaiah 52:10)
Yahweh has made known his salvation;
to the eyes of the nations he has revealed his righteousness. (Psalms 98:2)
Help us, Yahweh God of our salvation,
for the glory of your NAME;
and deliver us and forgive our sins
for the sake of your NAME. (Psalms 79:9)
Yahweh lives, and blessed be my rock,
and may the God of my salvation be exalted (Psalms 18:46)
But as for me, I will look to Yahweh;
I will wait for the God of my salvation.
My God will hear me. (Micah 7:7)
I am Yahweh your God
since the land of Egypt;
you know no god except me,
and there is no savior besides me. (Hosea 13:4)
For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God [Yahweh] for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. (Romans 1:16)
as it is written in the book of the words of the prophet Isaiah,
“The voice of one crying out in the wilderness,
‘Prepare the way of the Lord,
make his paths straight!
Every valley will be filled,
and every mountain and hill will be leveled,
and the crooked will become straight,
and the rough road will become smooth,
and all flesh will see the salvation of God.’” (Luke3:3-6)
- YAHWEH is our God and Father -
Hebrew Scripture makes it very clear that Yahweh is our God and Father:
- YAHWEH is also Yahshua's God and Father -
In the NT, Paul makes it very clear that Yahweh is also “the God and Father of our Lord Yahshua Christ”
...so that with one accord you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Yahshua Christ. (Rom.15:6)
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort (2Cor.1:3)
The God and Father of the Lord Yahshua, He who is blessed forever, knows that I am not lying. (11:31)
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Yahshua Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ (Eph.1:3)
- Yahshua himself spoke this truth:
And about the ninth hour Yahsha cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabaktanei?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” (Matthews 27:46)
“I am ascending to MY Father and your Father, to MY God and your God” (Jn.20:17).
There is no ambiguity here - Yahshua said that Yahweh is his Father AND his God! There is no way one can conflate the one true God of Israel Yahshua Christ being the same individual, entity or being - and Yahshua makes that perfectly clear.
Note that three chapters earlier in John, Yahshua calls his Father “the only true God”
This is eternal life, that they may know You [Yahweh], the ONLY TRUE God, and Yahshua Christ whom You have sent. (Jn.17:3)
This identification of "the only true God" by Yahshua himself aligns perfectly with the words of the prophet Isaiah.
“I am Yahweh, and there is no other, besides me [alone] there is no God” (Isaiah 45:5)
- Yahshua NEVER identified himself as "God" or "equal" with God -
But trinitarians believe and teach that Yahshua was literally "God incarnate," who is both eternal and equal with God. Conversely, Yahshua's own words argue against this distorted belief when he clearly and emphatically explained to his disciples that his father Yahweh was in fact "greater" than he is. Yahshua's own words make it abundantly clear that he is not equal with his father and his God Yahweh, rather, he is subordinate to his father as any son would be and subordinate to his God as any created being would be. As far as his being eternal, Yahshua's literal birth and death emphatically prove that not to be true. And by the way, it was Yahweh who begat Yahshua at a specific time and Yahweh who raised Yahshua's dead body from the grave. It's absurd to argue that Yahshua begat himself and raised himself from the grave because, well, he was dead! Also, Yahshua clearly explains in the Gospel of John that Yahweh is both his Father and his God. Which makes it rather difficult for trinitarians to explain how or why God incarnate can have both a father and a God. It's also important to note that Yahshua makes it clear in the Gospel of John, while praying to his "Father," that when praying to his "Father" and "God," he is literally praying to Yahweh - he's not praying to himself. And when Yahshua spoke, in any circumstance, of his "Father" and "God," to his disciples and others, he was speaking about the one true God of Israel, Yahweh, not his co-equal, co-eternal self.
You heard that I said to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because I go to the Father, for the Father [Yahweh] is GREATER than I [Yahshua]. (John 14:28)
"I [Yahshua] was dead, and behold, I am alive for evermore..." (Revelation 1:18)
This Yahshua God [Yahweh] raised up again, to which we are all witnesses. (Acts 2:32)
Yahshua said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’” (John 20:17)
“I have revealed Your name [Yahweh] to the people whom You gave Me out of the world; they were Yours and You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word." (John 17:6)
identified Yahweh as his Sole Authority Figure - his God
Trinitarians confuse and conflate Yahshua's words and actions to try and prove he was God incarnate. However, scripture clearly indicates the exact opposite. Yahshua personally stated several times that his words and actions were not his own - saying that it was His Father alone who told Him what to say and do. The apostle Paul also makes it abundantly clear in 1 Corinthians chapter 15 that Yahshua has always been "subject" to his father Yahweh and that, when "the end" comes, Yahweh will reclaim His Kingdom from His son Yahshua and will hold ultimate authority over everyone and everything - including Yahshua Christ.
“My food,” said Yahshua, “is to do the will of him who sent me and to finish his work." (John 4:34)
You heard that I said to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because I go to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. (John 14:28)
The words I say to you I do not speak on my own authority. Rather, it is the Father, living in me, who is doing his work." (John 14:10)
For I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me to say all that I have spoken. (John 12:49)
“Very truly I tell you, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does." (John 5:19)
Then the end will come, when he [Yahshua] hands over the kingdom to God the Father [Yahweh] after he has destroyed all dominion, authority and power. For he [Yahshua] must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. The last enemy to be destroyed is death. For he [Yahweh] “has put everything under his [Yahshua's] feet.” Now when it says that “everything” has been put under him [Yahshua], it is clear that this does not include God himself [Yahweh], who put everything under Christ. When he has done this, then the Son himself [Yahshua] will be made subject to him [Yahweh] who put everything under him [Yahshua], so that God [Yahweh] may be all in all. (1 Corinthians 15:24-28)
Also, remember that Yahshua did not begin his ministry of preaching the coming Kingdom of Yahweh and performing miracles until after he received the gift of the Holy Spirit from his Father Yahweh. "Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit..." (Luke 4:1) "...it is the Father, living in me, who is doing His work." (John 14:10).
According to the New Testament authors Yahshua is not God - "In modern Christianity, both Catholic and Protestant, it is simply assumed, on the basis of tradition, that Yahshua is God, along with the Father and the Holy Spirit. But the NT writings are replete with statements that clearly identify who God is in the mind of their authors. The testimony of these men is truly unanimous and unambiguous in this regard and one wonders how confusion about who God is ever caught hold among those who claim to be lovers of the scriptures." (See article)
The Trinity apologist
- The Trinity was developed and implemented as a foundational doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church in the late fourth century. Ironically, the majority of protestant Christian churches that initially broke away from the Catholic Church accepted the Trinity as a foundational doctrine as well. Even the majority of non-Catholic denominations and independent Christian churches organized since that era accept the Trinity as a foundational doctrine.
- Trinitarians ( Individuals, denominations and independent
churches who believe in the Trinity doctrine) believe the multi-person
"god" of the Trinity doctrine
is identified as 1. God the Father, 2. God the Son
and 3. God the Holy Spirit. Trinitarians assign the first
person of this multi-person god as "God the
Father." The second person in their multi-person
god is "God the Son," who's identity is
assigned to Jesus of Nazareth. And finally, the third person
in their multi-person god is "God the Holy Spirit,"
who they can only refer to as the "Holy Spirit" - because
trinitarians haven't yet assigned a personal "name" to
this third "god-person."
- Trinitarians unknowingly and/or unwittingly reject the Biblical "Hebrew" monotheistic faith of the ONE true God of Israel and instead, embrace a man-made polytheistic "Christian" faith of a "multi-person" god. In Isaiah 44:6 Yahweh said explicitly and unequivocally "besides ME there are NO other gods."
identify "God" as three co-equal persons. However, the concept of God consisting of three persons
is not now, nor has it ever been, a part of the Hebrew monotheistic
faith or the gospel message taught by Christ and his
apostles. The Trinity cannot be remotely considered as "revealed
truth" in the Bible because it is never specifically
identified anywhere in the scriptures - not even allegorically. The
fact is, neither Yahweh, Christ and the apostles, nor any of his disciples
ever mention or allude to anything even remotely resembling God as a
Trinity - especially within the realm of it being a vital doctrinal or
salvation issue. Some historical studies reveal that the Trinity doctrine
is probably a theological combination of erroneous biblical interpretations
and speculations developed by some early church leaders, incidentally,
this was done long after the apostolic age. Also, some historians
believe the multiple god idea originated from aspects of Gnosticism,
Babylonian religious culture, Greek philosophy, and pagan polytheism,
which influenced the theological philosophy of many religious leaders of
- Trinitarians must use generic titles such as "Lord," "God" or "God the Father" when referring to the one God of Israel (identified specifically in the original Hebrew scripture by His personal name Yahweh [YHWH). They use this "strategy" to disguise and depersonalize Yahweh in defense of their multi-person godhead doctrine. Otherwise, using the personal name Yahweh would identify the the God of Israel as a SINGLE personal being - as God did when He identified Himself by the name Yahweh to Moses in chapter three of Exodus. Trinitarians use the title "God the Father" to disguise and depersonalize Yahweh's exclusive personal singular divinity in order to try and explain their confusing non biblical doctrine of a "three-person godhead," where each of the three persons is defined as "one essence." In his book "The Forgotten Trinity," (p. 27) renowned trinitarian apologist James R. White even goes so far as to say that Yahweh (God) is not a "who," but a "what." Trinitarians can't truly tell you "who" God is - because who God truly is is the ONE TRUE GOD named Yahweh. But they can tell you "what" god is because what god is to them is a three-person god. Try to wrap your mind around that reasoning and it becomes crystal clear why trinitarians rarely, if ever, use the personal name YAHWEH, "who" just happens to be the ONE true God of Israel identified by name almost 7,000 times in the Hebrew scripture. BTW - trinitarians also identify Yahshua/Christ and the Holy Spirit as a "what."
- Removing YHWH from scripture supported of Trinitarian Doctrine: When Rome voted to adopt the Trinity as Catholic doctrine the Name of God – YHWH (translated Yahweh in English) – interfered and hindered the Newly Adopted teaching that Jesus was the Almighty God – Yahweh. Rome paid her translators to remove God’s name almost Seven Thousand Times (6,828) from the "Christian" Bible.
“In the first two centuries nearly all the various readings of the New Testament came into existence, the majority of them by deliberate alteration of the text…in the interests of (the trinity) dogma…” (The Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics; The Bible in the Church)
“Codex B (Vaticanus)…was altered by a later hand in more than two thousand places. Eusebius, therefore, is not without grounds for accusing the adherents of….the newly-risen doctrine of the trinity of falsifying the Bible…”-(Fraternal Visitor 1924, p. 148; translated from Christadelphian Monatshefte).
“The removal of the Tetragrammaton (YHWH = Yahweh) from the New Testament and its replacement with the surrogates KYRIOS and THEOS blurred the original distinction between the Lord God and the Lord Christ, and in many passages made it impossible which one was meant. As time went on…it was often impossible to distinguish between them. Thus it may be that the removal of the Tetragrammaton (Yahweh) contributed significantly to the later…Trinity “ (George Howard, Bible Scholar ; The Name of God in the New Testament, BAR 4.1 (March 1978), pg 15)
“It was they who demanded, in effect, that Christianity be “updated” by blurring or even obliterating the long-accepted distinction between the Father and the Son.” (When Jesus Became God by Richard E. Rubenstein, p.74)
- Trinitarians can't reconcile their 3-in-1 God doctrine with Exodus 3:15, where the ONE true God of Israel specifically revealed Himself to Moses as having sole sovereign divinity by His personal name "YHWH" (pronounced Yahweh), which occurs 6,828 times in the Old Testament. There are also 49 occurrences of “Yah” - a shortened version of Yahweh. Whereas, the divine title "Eloheim" (God) occurs approximately 2,340 times in the Old Testament. In the new Testament the title “God” is mentioned 1,354 times and “Father” 352 times. These mentions all total 10,914 in both the Old and New Testaments. The 6,828 instances of “Yahweh” all refer to the singular God of Israel and never, without exception, to false gods. (NOTE: 262 instances of the term Elohim refer to false deities such as the gods of Egypt, the golden calf, and the goddess Ashtoreth (Ex.12:12; 32:4; 1Ki.11:33). In rare cases, Elohim is used of human beings, e.g., Moses (Ex.4:16; 7:1), unjust judges (Ps.82:6), and possibly Samuel’s spirit (1Sam.28:13). The remaining 90% of the instances of Elohim refer to the God of Israel.)
Of those 10,914 total times
Yahweh, Elohim, God and Father are mentioned, NEVER ARE THEY
IDENTIFIED SPECIFICALLY AS THREE (3) DISTINCT PERSONS - Father, Son and Holy
Spirit. And there is absolutely ZERO contextual evidence
whatsoever of some sort of a three person “godhead” as defined by
Trinitarians today. Simply put, trinitarians must read their false three-person
god into the text of the Bible in an effort to support and defend the
man-made Trinity doctrine; which, in turn, suppresses the immutable
Biblical truth that there is but ONE God ALONE who
possesses sole sovereign divinity whose name is YAHWEH.
ASK A TRINITARIAN... (Source)
…and that is none other God but one. 5. For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there may be many gods, and many lords,) 6. But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Yahshua Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him. I Corinthians 8:4
Q: Paul insists that only the Father is declared to be the one and only God. In Ephesians 1:17 Paul is still unaware of the Trinity when he says, “That the God of our Lord Yahshua Christ…”
But I would have you know that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God. I Corinthians 11:3
Q: This verse does not depict Yahshua as coequal with God. On the contrary, God is of superior rank to Yahshua. Moreover, this statement reveals that the New Testament did not consider Yahshua to be equal with God even after the ascension. Paul wrote these words around 55 C.E. — long after the crucifixion.
When he has done this, then the Son himself will be made subject to him who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all. I Corinthians 15:28
Q: Here Paul unambiguously insists that Yahshua was subordinate to God as His “subject.” Throughout the New Testament it is claimed that God bestowed authority upon Yahshua – never the other way around.
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Yahshua Christ… I Peter 1:3
Q: As mentioned above, this concept is restated many times throughout the New Testament: the Father is Yahshua's God — never the other way around (see also Matt. 4:7, 27:46; Rom. 15:6, II Cor. 1:3, I Pet. 1:3; Rev. 1:6, 3:12 (four times).
He, Yahshua, is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. Colossians 1:15
Q: If the earliest Christians believed in the Trinity, why doesn’t the New Testament ever refer to the Father or the Holy Spirit as the “firstborn of all creation?” Understandably, the New Testament would never refer to the Father as “firstborn” because early Christianity considered the Father alone eternal.
For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Yahshua. I Timothy 2:5
Q: The fact that Paul clearly distinguishes between God and Yahshua places considerable strain on Trinitarianism.
For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin. Hebrews 4:15
Q: Consider how the temptation of Yahshua is portrayed throughout the Gospels. The New Testament emphatically states “Yahshua was tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.” But the Church’s claim that Yahshua is God creates insurmountable contradictions: Temptation without the possibility of falling to sin is meaningless. If Yahshua is God, it was impossible for him to sin, and it makes no sense to say he was tempted. Moreover, James 1:13 states that God cannot be tempted!
Yahshua offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the one who was able to save him from death, and he was heard. 8. Although he was a son, he learned obedience from the things he suffered. Hebrews 5:7
Q: Why would God need
to beg and cry to God to save him from death? Moreover, if the author of
Hebrews considered Yahshua God, why does Hebrews 5:8 insist that Yahshua
learned obedience from suffering? Is there anything God does not know and must
learn through experience?
It's of utmost importance to understand that the Trinity, as it is commonly taught and explained today in most Christian churches, was NOT in any way believed or taught as Biblical doctrine in the early Christian church for almost three centuries after Christ and the apostolic age.
The Trinity doctrine is simply a manifestation of pure theological conjecture regarding the spiritual, mortal and human status of Yahshua Christ by influential religious leaders in the Catholic Church movement in the late third century. When these men, along with the imperial influence and force of several Roman Emperors, won a theological argument for the deity of Yahshua Christ, it paved the way for the Trinity to become a formally recognized Roman Catholic Church doctrine.
Sound exegesis demonstrating that the Trinity is nowhere to be found in the Christian Bible, along with historical evidence showing how the Trinity became a Catholic doctrine, together provide more than enough evidence to give serious doubt to the legitimacy of the Trinity as "sound" biblical doctrine.
The perplexing question is, why do protestant churches accept one of the most unproven, incomprehensible and illogical Catholic doctrines, yet reject almost all other Catholic doctrines? If the Catholic Church is correct about the Trinity, wouldn't it stand to reason that all other Catholic doctrines may also be legitimate, or at least should be given serious consideration?
Regarding what has been presented so far, a very important spiritual question needs to be answered. Are there any ramifications for individuals and churches that continue to believe in, adhere to, teach and promote a doctrine that espouses a plurality of gods known as the Trinity?
Hopefully, what Yahweh says in scripture regarding any person or group that worships "other" gods than Him will be cause enough for people who accept and believe in the Trinity doctrine to re-examine what they have been taught. And isn't saying Yahshua is "God incarnate," "co-equal" and "God the Son" the same as creating another god?
Yahweh WARNED His people not to "imitate the abominations" of other nations; saying that anyone who does so will be "an abomination" to Him. How much more sever judgement will Yahweh place on those who imitate the false Trinity doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church?
If you are a Christian that grew up in an organized denominational or independent "church" it is likely you were taught from an early age the very basics about the Trinity doctrine; that "God" was actually a combination of three "persons" who are identified as Father, Son and Holy Spirit. And you were probably told that these three "persons" together made up the "one" God of the bible. It's almost certain that you didn't (and still don't) understand how that all worked, but because it was a part of your family's religion and the trinity didn't really get talked about much in church, you just accepted it and didn't give it much thought.
And, it's almost certain that because those confusing Trinity basics were all you were ever taught in church, or at home, you never really understood exactly what the Trinity was; and it's almost a guarantee that you were never taught any real history behind how the Trinity became such a prominent "Christian" doctrine. And there's a really good reason for that; because every pastor, theologian and biblical historian who has truly studied the Trinity openly admit somewhere in their scholarly works that the Trinity is incomprehensible, illogical and never actually mentioned or alluded to in the bible. Sadly, for the cause of Biblical truth, that doesn't stop Christian theologians, Christian college and seminary professors, pastors, priests, missionaries, Sunday school teachers and parents from teaching and defending the Trinity doctrine as "biblical' fact.
If you currently believe in the Trinity simply because that's what you were taught, I challenge you to set aside all your preconceived ideas about the Trinity doctrine and use your God-given ability for logic and reason to take a closer biblical and historical look at this doctrine and how it came about.
Be confident in your study and have faith that the Holy Spirit will "guide you into all truth." And always remember that Yahweh is not a "God of confusion" and we are promised that we can know and understand even the "deep things of God" as we have been given the "spirit which is from God" and also the very "mind of Christ."
But to us, God revealed them (God's wisdom and mystery) through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. For who among men knows the things of a man, except the spirit of the man, which is in him? Even so, no one knows the things of God, except God’s Spirit. But we received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is from God, that we might know the things that were freely given to us by God. (1 Corinthians 2:10-12)
Be very careful to guard the truth revealed to you by the Holy Spirit in this matter. There will be those within the "church" body who will most certainly judge you, according to that revealed truth, as being led-astray. But stand firm in your faith and discernment of the truth revealed to you by the very Spirit of your Father in Heaven who lives in you.
But he who is spiritual discerns all things, and he himself is judged by no one. “For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him?” But we have Christ’s mind. (1 Corinthians 2:15-16)
If you have confessed Yahshua as the Messiah and been baptized into his name then you have been anointed by the Holy Spirit and he lives in you. Do not be deceived by anyone who will tell or teach you differently, your anointing is REAL - and the Holy Spirit WILL communicate and teach you the truth in all things.
"As for you, the anointing which you received from him remains in you, and you don’t need for anyone to teach you. But as his anointing teaches you concerning all things, and is true, and is no lie, and even as it taught you, you will remain in him." (1 John 2:27)
of salvation are expressly made to all who embrace the gospel as it is
defined by Christ and the Apostles. But no promise is made to the
trinitarian as such. There is no scripture which asserts that whosoever
believes in the Trinity, or in the two natures, or in the Son's equality with
the Father ... shall be saved. Nor does any scripture assert that whosoever
believeth not these doctrines shall be damned. But if no promise is made
to him who embraces the gospel as it is defined by trinitarians, and no
threatening against him who does not embrace it as thus defined, is not this
sufficient evidence that their definitions are not correct?
All who believe on Yahshua Messiah, as the Son of God, have assurance from Christ himself, of everlasting life. All who do not believe Yahshua Messiah to be the Son of God, are assured, by the same authority, that they shall not see life, but the wrath of God abideth on them.
What, then, does the true believer gain by admitting the doctrine of the Trinity? If it does not secure to him a single promise, nor shield him from a single threatening, then what use can it possibly be to him? It cannot make one hair either white or black." (Charles Morgridge - from a discourse in 1837)
DID YOU KNOW...
Isaac Newton was one of the world’s greatest scientists. He utilized his
great genius and powers of reasoning to produce his famous scientific
discoveries including his laws of motion, the law of universal gravitation,
studies in optics, and the invention of calculus. But he was also a
devout Christian, and he brought this same intellectual genius to bear
in his analysis of Christianity, and he based his beliefs on his own studies of
the Bible along with the earliest Christian writers. Based on his studies he
rejected the doctrine of the Trinity and proved that it was unbiblical.
Newton saw two major flaws in the Christian doctrine of the Trinity: it was unsupported
from the scriptures and it was illogical. Newton used scriptural
passages to demonstrate that the Trinitarian doctrine was incorrect. He wrote, “Let
them make good sense of it who are able; for my part, I can make none.”
Newton also concluded from that there had been an apostasy from the true Church
of Christ, and that at some future time there would be a restoration. (Source)
Unfortunately, because almost every bible commentary, research study, reference
book and website resource are authored or curated by trinitarian apologists,the
materials and data from those sources will be slanted toward the Trinity as
being a legitimate biblical doctrine. Fortunately, there are now many "unbiased"
resources available for those who are searching for the truth in all
I encourage you to read the following two books by Eric H. H. Chang, and also to use the reference links below and in the side column that use sound arguments of scripture and history to refute Trinitarian arguments. There is also a link to my other website that has some excellent posts and lots more informative links about this and other false teachings of traditions and doctrines of most Christian churches.
Other great resource websites:
Many blessings to you on your journey and search for all truth.
Get your Bibles out.
Time to explore some Biblical,
rational facts about the One True God Yahweh and His only begotten son Yahshua:
1. (a) YAHWEH is NOT a human and can NEVER be a human!
The divine nature of Yahweh is immutable! Which means Yahweh is not capable of or susceptible to any change whatsoever. PERIOD! According to the principal of immutability, the divine nature of Yahweh means it is impossible for Him to do certain things like die or lie, or be or exhibit certain things like unknowing, unaware, ignorant or unjust.
“For I, Yahweh, have not changed..." (Malachi 3:6a)
It is impossible for Yahweh to transform Himself, in whole or in part, into a hybrid human/divine being. Simply put, Yahweh cannot become human or partly human any more than a human being can become God or partly God.
"...for I (Yahweh) am God, and NOT A MAN; the Holy One among you..." (Hosea 11:9)
GOD IS NOT A MAN, that he should lie, nor the SON OF MAN, that he should repent. (Numbers 23:19)
believe that Yahshua was also the God of Israel (Yahweh) incarnate. They explain
this absurd notion by saying that Yahshua was both "fully God and fully
human". To believe this, one would have to disregard Yahweh's
eternally divine immutability and embrace a less than"fully divine" God, who would be subject to the limits of humanity and the laws of nature. Logically speaking,
Yahweh is either immutable or He is not, simply because it is impossible for
Him to be both. In the same sense, it is impossible for Yahshua to be both "fully God and fully human" as well.
Yahshua clearly stated that "everything he did and said" came from his Father and his God, Yahweh.
Jesus gave them this
answer: “Very truly I tell you, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do
only what he sees his Father [Yahweh] doing, because whatever the Father does
the Son also does. (John 5:19)
For I did not speak on my
own, but the Father [Yahweh] who sent me commanded me to say all that I
have spoken. (John 12:49)
Yahshua also clearly stated that his "will" was not his own, but was the will of his Father and his God, Yahweh.
“My food,” said Jesus, “is to do the will of him [Yahweh] who sent me and to finish his [Yahweh's] work. (John 4:34)
Every word and deed exhibited by
Yahshua Christ were in obedience to the will of his Father and his God, Yahweh,
- not because Yahshua was a divine being equal to his Father, but by the
power of the Holy Spirit of God indwelling him. It is that same Holy Spirit ,
by-the-way, that is available to every one who accepts Yahshua Christ as their
Truly, truly, I say to you, he who believes in Me, the works that I do, he will do also; and greater works than these he will do; because I go to the Father. (John 14:12)
The only difference between
Yahshua's humanity and ours is that Yahshua was Yahweh's only son; begotten by
His power (Which is impossible to understand exactly how he was begotten in the womb of Mary) and blessed with a full "measure of faith," seemingly never before
allotted to a human being, and having a complete and undiminished Godly nature - exhibiting total obedience to his
Father's will every second of his physical mortal life.
For through the grace given to me I say to everyone among you not to think more highly of himself than he ought to think; but to think so as to have sound judgment, as God has allotted to each a measure of faith. (Romans 12:3)
The apostle Paul clearly stated that Yahshua Christ was a man.
For since by a man [Adam] came death, by a man [Yahshua] also came the resurrection of the dead. (1 Corinthians 15:21)
For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Yahshua. (I Timothy 2:5)
We, unfortunately, are born into a world of sin, but thanks to God, we can obtain an obedience and power that Christ and his apostles promised every believer they could have by the same power of the indwelling of the Holy Spirit that Christ had.
“My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one - I in them and you in me - so that they may be brought to complete unity. Then the world will know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me." (John 17:20-23)
As scripture clearly indicates, at a specific point in time, Yahweh begat His only son Yahshua "according to the flesh" (through human birth) and then "designated/appointed" Yahshua as the "Son of God in power according to the spirit of holiness" (upon His baptism and receiving the Holy Spirit).
Paul, a slave of Christ Yahshua, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God, which he promised previously through his prophets in the holy scriptures, the gospel about His son, descended from David according to the flesh, but designated/appointed as Son of God in power according to the spirit of holiness through resurrection from the dead, Yahshua Christ our Lord. (Romans 1:1-4)
Yahshua said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me. (John 14:6)
I, [am] Yahweh,
And there is no other god besides me,
a righteous God besides me,
and no savior besides me. (Isaiah 45:21-22)
Scripture clearly indicates that Yahshua was self aware of his humanity. He clearly understood His human limitations and respectful obedience and submissiveness to His Father and his God, Yahweh. He understood his mortality and designated/appointed unique identity as Yahweh's only begotten son, and most importantly, that he was "designated by God" as "mediator between God and mankind" and the "source of eternal salvation," as the only "way" to the eternal "author" of salvation, his Father, Yahweh.
In the days of His flesh, He (Yahshua) offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One (Yahweh) able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety. Although He was a Son, He learned obedience from the things which He suffered. And having been made perfect, He became to all those who obey Him the source of eternal salvation, being designated by God as a high priest according to the order of Melchizedek. (Heb. 5:7-10)
For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Yahshua... (1 Timothy 2:5)
God [Yahweh] raised Yahshua; of this we are all witnesses. (Acts 2:32)
But God [Yahweh] raised him [Yahshua] up, releasing him from the throes of death, because it was impossible for him to be held by it. (Acts 2:24)
But God [Yahweh] raised him from the dead on the third day and caused him to be seen (Acts 10:40)
But God [Yahweh] raised him from the dead. (Acts 13:30)
Paul, an apostle - sent not from men nor by man, but by Yahshua Christ and God the Father, who raised him from the dead. (Galatians 1:1)
Further parsing the above scriptures reveals the fullness of Yahshua's humanity. While Yahshua was alive, "in the days of His flesh," His "prayers and supplications" of "loud crying and tears" indicate He was very anxious about his death, but also fully aware and faithful that only His Father and his God [Yahweh] could "save him from death". Yahshua knew that His prayers would only be heard if he demonstrated a genuine submissive attitude of "piety" toward His Father and his God. He also knew he must "learn obedience" through "suffering," which would ultimately lead to His being "made perfect" in His Father's eyes.
Through all of this, Yahshua was "designated/appointed by His Father Yahweh" as "high priest according to the order of Melchizedek" and anointed "the source of eternal salvation" for all mankind.
"The God of the Bible [Yahweh] states categorically that He and mankind are infinite opposites. To say that [Yahshua] is the "God-man" is to scuttle the word of God on a matter He says is impossible. Saying something can be the opposite of itself is not a mystery, it's a contradiction." (Quote)
Those who are in the flesh can not please God. (Romans 8:8)
FACT: Yahshua – the man - was born, ate, drank, slept, grew, learned, and was susceptible to physical pain and death. He was not self-sufficient or self-existent; as is the case with every human being, He needed specific things to sustain his mortal human existence. If Yahshua was, in fact, the God of Israel he would rely on nothing to sustain his existence. The fact is, if Yahweh did become a man He would necessarily have to relinquish many divine attributes; which would render Him no longer God. It is important to understand that Yahweh is immutable - He does not and cannot change who He is; consequently, it is impossible for Yahweh to be both God and not God. It is also important to understand that Yahweh is the one to be SERVED – He is not anyone’s servant, nor would His divine nature allow Him to humble, or maybe better put, degrade himself in that respect. If that were the case, Yahweh would cease to be the immutable God of ALL creation. Yahshua said unequivocally that he "served" his Father, Yahweh, which made him, as all humans are, subordinate to and less than God.
1 (b) YAHWEH CAN NEVER DIE!
In Revelation Yahshua said to John:
“I was dead, and behold, I am alive forever more. Amen. I have the keys of Death and of Hades..”(Revelation 1:18)
The big dilemma for trinitarians is who exactly was John speaking with in this scripture. Was he speaking with the "fully God" and "fully human" Yahshua - who admits he was dead and is now alive forever more?
Trinitarians have to answer this question - it can't be side-stepped.
Since trinitarians believe that Yahshua Christ is "God incarnate" - both "fully God" and "fully human" - they must also believe that it was the "God incarnate," Yahshua, who literally died on the cross. They have to believe this because they say that God could only accept a "perfect" and "sinless" sacrifice for the sins of man. And Yahshua was only sinless because he was "fully God." So if God cannot die, as scripture clearly indicates, how was it that "God incarnate" died for our sins? Hence, the trinitarian dilemma - exactly who was it that died on the cross and who was speaking to John?
Trinitarians have yet to answer this question logically - because they can't. They will probably say the answer lies in the realm of another, yet-to-be discovered, "mystery" of the Trinity doctrine.
Fortunately, for the logically
minded and Biblical literate person, the only honest answer is that John was
speaking with the former living mortal human being, named Yahshua, who was killed
and then resurrected by his Father Yahweh, to a spiritual
body and eternal spiritual life. Which, by-the-way, he promised would happen.
Revelation 1:18 should be the most inspirational passage to anyone who calls on the name of Yahweh for salvation. Yahshua's clear and unambiguous message to John is that he was dead and now is alive forever more.
How beyond excited John must have
been to see his beloved friend alive again To see Yahshua in person and
to hear him say "I was dead, and behold, [now] I am alive forever more." These words by a resurrected Christ are what should give every believer everlasting hope in a life hereafter.
It stands to reason that if Yashua had conveyed to John while he was alive that he was both "fully God" and "fully man," then John would no doubt expect that Yahshua would survive what seemed to be a mortal death - simply because John understood that Yahweh can't die. But the person speaking to John specifically tells him that he was dead. In which case, that person can't possibly be both God and man! John is not confused at all about what Yahshua told him. He understands clearly that his friend Yahshua was crucified and that Yahweh raised him from the dead.
The Trinity doctrine falls apart upon the words of Yahshua in Revelation 1:18.
see 1 Corinthians 15:20-21 & 42-46 that specifically relates Adam
and Yahshua as "created" beings. Both the "first Adam" and
"second Adam" are identified as "men". They both
died because their bodies were perishable - but their spirits did not die.
Yahweh can NOT die!
20 But the fact is, Christ has been raised from the dead,
the first fruits of those who are asleep [dead]. 21 For since by a
man (Adam) death came, by a man (Christ) also came the resurrection
of the dead.
42 So will it be with the resurrection of the dead. The body that is sown is perishable, it is raised imperishable; 43 it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; 44 it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body.
If there is a natural body, there is
also a spiritual body. 45 So it is written: “The first man Adam
became a living being”; the last [man] Adam, a life-giving spirit. 46 The
spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual.
2. YAHWEH cannot change. He alone is immutable! (Malachi 3:6)
“For I, Yahweh, do not change; therefore you, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed.”
3. YAHWEH is not subjected to the laws He created.
Yahshua was subject to God's created laws. He was born, drank, ate, slept, prayed, died and was resurrected by God.
4 (a). YAHWEH is the essence of worship and Yahshua gives our example.
God is the object of worship and was the object of Yahshua’s worship. Had Yahshua been God incarnate, he would have told people to worship him. But he did the exact opposite - he told them to worship his Father.
Then Yahshua said to him, “Get behind me, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and you shall serve him only/alone.’” (Matthew 4:10)
Yahshua was an “offering and a sacrifice to God as a fragrant aroma” [worship]. (Ephesians 5:2)
Yahshua said these things, and lifting up his eyes to heaven, he said, “Father, the time has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may also glorify you; 2 even as you gave him authority over all flesh, he will give eternal life to all whom you have given him. 3 This is eternal life, that they should know YOU, the ONE (monos) true God, and him whom you sent, Yahshua Messiah. 4 I glorified you on the earth. I have accomplished the work which you have given me to do. (John 17:1-4)
It is clear by this statement that Yahshua knew that his Father was the ONE and ONLY true object of worship!
4 (b). YAHWEH is our destination - Yahshua is the way.
Yahshua said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.(John 14:6)
The way: The path Yahweh
provided to His kingdom through His son Yahshua.
truth: What Yahweh related through His
The Life: Yahweh's promise given through His son Yahshua Messiah.
Yahshua is all of these things, but only by the authority of his Father Yahweh. Yahshua is not our Father, Yahweh. Yahshua Christ is the way, he is the truth and he is the life that leads to our Father and his Father - to our God and his God.
Yahshua said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’” (John 20:17)
Did you get that? Yahshua distinctly said Yahweh is his Father - just like he is our Father, and Yahweh is his God, just like He is our God.
Don't confuse the way (Christ) to the destination with the destination itself (Yahweh).
5. The Trinity is the epitome of confusion - not a mystery.
Yahweh is not the author of confusion.
The trinity can’t be explained to an adult, let alone a child. How would a child ever understand the trinity? How did the “jailer” and his “whole household” (including his children) understand and believe to be saved if the trinity is essential to salvation?
See the “Athanasian Creed”
Is the resurrected Yahshua still fully God and man? If so, doesn’t he represent a duality of person-hood within the trinity? And wouldn’t it be more correct to call the Godhead a Quadrinity instead of Trinity?
Respected biblical scholars agree that the trinity is incomprehensible. (Read their works on the subject) But followers Yahshua Messiah have been promised that we can know and understand even the "deep things of God" as we have been given the "spirit which is from God" and also the very "mind of Christ."
10 But to us, God revealed them through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. 11 For who among men knows the things of a man, except the spirit of the man, which is in him? Even so, no one knows the things of God, except God’s Spirit. 12 But we received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is from God, that we might know the things that were freely given to us by God. 13 Which things also we speak, not in words which man’s wisdom teaches, but which the Holy Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual things... 15 But he who is spiritual discerns all things, and he himself is judged by no one. 16 “For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him?” But we have Christ’s mind. (1 Corinthians 2) Also read John 17 and see what Yahshua Messiah prayed to his Father about our "understanding" of the deep spiritual things of Yahweh.
"So why do even those who believe
in the Trinity find it so difficult to explain?
The answer is simple yet shocking: It’s because the Bible does not teach it! One cannot prove or explain something from the Bible that is not biblical! The Bible is our only reliable source of divine revelation. And the truth, as we will see, is that the Trinity concept simply is not part of God’s revelation to humankind."
"For sixteen centuries the church has been using the word mystery to account for the incomprehensibility of the trinitarian doctrine, notably in regard to insolvable issues such as how one God can exist in three persons, or how Christ’s divine nature relates to his human nature. These ideas defy logic and understanding, so the solution is to consign them to the realm of mystery, the unknowable, the unfathomable."
6. Yahshua is God’s prophet – His anointed “agent” (Deut. 18:15)
“Yahweh your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him.” 17 Yahweh said to me, “They have well said that which they have spoken. 18 I will raise them up a prophet from among their brothers, like you. I will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I shall command him. 19 It shall happen that whoever will not listen to my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.
Then a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My Son, My Chosen One; listen to Him!” (Luke 9:35, Mark 9:7, Matthew 17:5)
16 For we did not follow cleverly devised tales when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Yahshua Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of His majesty. 17 For when He received honor and glory from God the Father, such an utterance as this was made to Him by the Majestic Glory, “This is My beloved Son with whom I am well-pleased”— 18 and we ourselves heard this utterance made from heaven when we were with Him on the holy mountain. 19 So we have the prophetic word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts. 20 But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation, 21 for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.
(1 Peter 1:16-21)
7. YAHWEH anointed/appointed Yahshua (the man) to be our high priest forever. (Hebrews 5-6)
4 And no one takes the honor to himself, but receives it when he is called by God, even as Aaron was. 5 So also Christ did not glorify Himself so as to become a high priest, but He who said to Him, “You are My Son, Today I have begotten You”; 6 just as He says also in another passage,
“You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.” 7 In the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety. 8 Although He was a Son, He learned obedience from the things which He suffered. 9 And having been made perfect, He became to all those who obey Him the source of eternal salvation, 10 being designated by God as a high priest according to the order of Melchizedek.
8. YAHWEH “exalted” Yahshua above the heavens and “crowned him with glory and honor” (Heb.2:7) Yahweh "gave" His authority To Yahshua to carry out His plan. (1 Cor. 15:21-28 & John 17:1-4)
As for Yahshua the man, it has so pleased Yahweh the Most High God to exalt him above the heavens and to seat him at His right hand, making Yahshua second only (subordinate) to Yahweh in the universe. Yahshua is thus “crowned with glory and honor” by Yahweh.
So how can "God the Son" be crowned with, conferred with, glory and honor when, the trinity doctrine clearly states that he is God's "eternal" equal?
Yahshua asked his Father Yahweh to "glorify him" so that he could "glorify his Father." Obviously, there was a time when Yahshua did not have "glory." Yahshua also admits that his Father is the one who "gave him authority over all flesh." Obviously, Yahshua had no perpetual standing authority of his own before he received it from his Father. Also note that Yahshua can only give "eternal life" to those "given him" by his Father. Obviously, the "eternal life" Yahshua promised was only for those authorized by his Father Yahweh. Finally, Yahshua said he "accomplished the work" his Father Yahweh "gave" him to do. Obviously, Yahshua is admitting his subordination to his Father (also his God - John 20:17) Yahweh.
To sum it all up, Yahshua is not an eternal being, he is not God, and he is not now nor ever has been co-equal with God as the Trinity doctrine suggests.
Yahshua said these things, and lifting up his eyes to heaven, he said, “Father, the time has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may also glorify you; 2 even as you gave him authority over all flesh, he will give eternal life to all whom you have given him. 3 This is eternal life, that they should know YOU, the ONE (monos) true God, and him whom you sent, Yahshua Messiah. 4 I glorified you on the earth. I have accomplished the work which you have given me to do. (John 17:1-4)
The important thing to understand is that Yahshua is subordinate to his Father Yahweh in all things - and always has been subordinate to Him. He was born a man, lived as a man and died a man. What set him apart was that he had no earthly father - just as Adam had no earthly father. But while Adam sinned, Yahshua did not! He did his Father's bidding as his anointed emissary until the day he was killed. And after three days it was Yahweh who raised him from the dead - being the first human (firstfruits) ever to attain everlasting life after death. At which point, Yahshua sat at Yahweh's right hand until all of Yahweh's enemies are destroyed - the last being death. At which point, Yahshua hands over all authority and power back to Yahweh who then becomes "all in all."
since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also
through a man. 22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ
all will be made alive. 23 But each in turn: Christ, the
firstfruits; then, when he comes, those who belong to him. 24 Then
the end will come, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father
after he has destroyed all dominion, authority and power. 25 For
he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. 26 The
last enemy to be destroyed is death. 27 For he “has put
everything under his feet.” Now when it says that “everything” has been put
under him, it is clear that this does not include God himself, who put
everything under Christ. 28 When he has done this, then the
Son himself will be made subject to him who put everything under him, so
that Yahweh may be all in all.
(1 Cor. 15)
9. YAHWEH “begat” Yahshua at a definitive point in time – Yahshua did not preexist (Luke 1:35)
The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and
the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.
“You are My Son, Today I have begotten you” (Psalms 2:7, Acts 13:33, Hebrews 5:5)
10. The “begotten” Messiah was “anointed” by Yahweh – who is his creator and superior (Psalms 2) Yahweh has always been (I am that I am), Yahshua Messiah has not.
1 Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain? 2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against Yahweh and against his Anointed (Yahshua) saying, 3 “Let us burst their bonds apart and cast away their cords from us.” 4 He who sits in the heavens laughs; the Lord holds them in derision. 5 Then he will speak to them in his wrath, and terrify them in his fury, saying, 6 “As for me, I have set my King on Zion, my holy hill.” 7 I will tell of the decree: Yahweh said to me, “You are my Son; today I have begotten you. 8 Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage, and the ends of the earth your possession. 9 You shall break them with a rod of iron and dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel.” 10 Now therefore, O kings, be wise; be warned, O rulers of the earth. 11 Serve Yahweh with fear, and rejoice with trembling. 12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish in the way, for his wrath is quickly kindled. Blessed are all who take refuge in him.
11. Yahshua is the “image/likeness of God. (Col. 1:15 - Philippians 2:6 - 2 Corinthians 4:4 - Hebrews 1:3)
As Yahshua is the “image/likeness” of God, and the first commandment tells us not to have ANY God’s other than the one God of Israel -by God’s own words, Yahshua cannot be God! An image of "something," no matter how exact that image is, is not the "something." If that were the case, then Adam, being made in the "image" of God, is by the trinitarian definition, the one in the same God.
Expounding on the first commandment; Moses wrote: You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness*of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God…”
*When the man called Yahshua “good,” Yahshua denied being “good,” and told the man that ONLY God was “good.” Yahshua essentially told the man that he was NOT God, and to be careful NOT to equate him with God, which would literally make him (Yahshua) an Idol. We can be assured that Yahshua was familiar with Exodus 20:1-6)
12(a). Yahshua referred to Yahweh as his Father and our Father and his God and our God.
Just who was Yahshua's "God?" He clearly tells us many times that his Father is HIS GOD! Are we to believe that Yahshua believed his father Yahweh was a 3-person God - and that he was literally the second person of that 3-person God?
“I am ascending to MY Father and your Father, to MY God and your God” (Jn.20:17)
28 One of the scribes came and heard them arguing, and recognizing that He had answered them well, asked Him, “What commandment is the foremost of all?” 29 Yahshua answered, “The foremost is, ‘Hear, O Israel! Yahweh is OUR God. Yahweh is ONE; and you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ (Mark 12:28-29) Also: Mark 15:34, John 20:17, Luke 18:19, Eph 1:3, 1Cor 11:3
12(b) The Apostle Paul opens most of his letters acknowledging a distinction between "God our father" and Yahshua Messiah using the coordinating conjunction "and".
Romans 1:7, I Corinthians 1:3, 2 Corinthians 1:2, Galatians 1:3, Ephesians 1:2, Philippians 1:2, Thes. 1:1, 2 Thes. 1:1, 1 Timothy 1:2, 2 Timothy 1:2, Titus 1:4,
See also: James 1:1, 2 John 1:3, Jude 1:1, Rev. 1:4-5
NOTE: Paul also acknowledges a distinction between "Christ" and "God" in Col. 3:1, where he clearly identifies Christ being "seated at the right hand of God." This begs an obvious question; was Christ seated beside the Trinity doctrine God? That answer has to be yes for trinitarians because the Greek word for "God" here is θεός (theos), which occurs 1327 in the Gospels - with each occurrence having the same meaning for God the Trinity doctrine specifically identifies as a co-equal, co-eternal 3-person God. In which case, basic logical reasoning regarding this passage alone, in the context of the term "God" identified 1327 times in the Gospels, shows the absolute absurdity of the Trinity doctrine.
Therefore if you have been raised up with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. (Col. 3:1)
12(c) In the book of Revelation, God is not the Lamb and the Lamb is not God.
The Book of Revelation is “the revelation of Yahshua Christ, which God/Yahweh gave him” (Rev. 1:1). From the very first verse we are told that Yahshua is not God. God is differentiated from Yahshua. The God of Yahshua Christ gave Yahshua this revelation via "His angel." This is a revelation of Yahweh - revealed to John by His son Yehshua Christ. (Read More)
The Revelation of Yahshua Christ, which God [Yahweh] gave Him [Yahshua] to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, (Rev. 1:1)
13. YAHWEH is the God and Father of Yahshua Messiah.
“As a preliminary point, we note that Yahweh is our Father: “You, O Yahweh, are our Father” (Isaiah 63:16; also 64:8). “Is this the way you repay Yahweh, you foolish and unwise people? Is he not your Father who created you?” (Dt.32:6; cf. Mal.2:10). But more specifically, Yahweh is also the God and Father of Yahshua Messiah: “I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God” (Jn.20:17). Just three chapters earlier, Yahshua calls his Father “the only true God” (John 17:3), an exclusive identification that aligns perfectly with Isaiah 45:5: “I am Yahweh, and there is no other, besides me there is no God”. Hence Yahweh is the God and Father of Yahshua Messiah.” (From “The Only Perfect Man” – Eric H. H. Chang)
Paul knew that there was only one God of Israel and that Yahweh was in fact God of ALL creation - including His son Yahshua. He wrote to the Ephesian Ekklesia and prayed: "that the God of our Lord Yahshua Messiah, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him;" Did you get that? The same God Paul worshiped was also the God of Yahshua. Paul also made it clear when he said, "For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the MAN Yahshua Messiah." 1 Timothy 2:5
15 The seventh angel sounded, and great voices in heaven followed, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the Kingdom of our Lord God Yahweh, and of his Messiah. He will reign forever and ever!” Revelation 11:15 Yahshua is Yahweh's Messiah - THE ANOINTED ONE of Yahweh.
14. Yahshua's own words emphatically imply that he was NOT Yahweh or equal with Him in any way! (See also #15)
You heard that I said to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because I go to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. (John 14:28)
[John 17:3] – Salvation depends on one knowing the ONE true God and Yahshua
Messiah whom You (God) have sent.
[John 5:44]- How can you believe, when you receive glory from one another and you do not seek the glory that is from the ONE and ONLY God?
[John 20:17] – “Yahshua said unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.”
How can the Father ascend to Himself? In the above verse, Yahshua not only distinguishes between himself and his Father, but he also makes it sound as though the relationship that he has with God, 'The Father,' is exactly the same relationship that all people have with God, who is, in fact, the Father of all.
[Matthew 19:16-17] - And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? And Yahshua said unto him, Why do you call me good? There is none good but ONE, that is, God: but if you wish to enter into life, keep THE commandments. (Exodus 20: 1-6) Yahshua did not say he was "good" because he knew only his Father fit that description. He implied clearly that he is subordinate and lower than his father.
In the above verses, Yahshua distinguishes between himself and God. How could he have been the 'Mighty Gd,' if he himself made a distinction between himself and God? If Yahshua knew that only God is good, and that he should not be called good, then Yahshua knew that Yahshua was not God.
[Mark 13:32] - “But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father." If Yahshua was God he would know - and so would the Holy Spirit.
[Matthew 20:23] - “You will indeed drink from my cup, but to sit at my right or left is not for me to grant. These places belong to those for whom they have been prepared by my Father.” If Yahshua was God he would have authority to make grant this request. This shows that Yahshua is subordinate to his Father - Yahweh.
[John 17:3] - "Now this is eternal life: that they know you, the only (monos) true God, and Yahshua Messiah, whom you have sent." If Yahshua was God he would have simply said, "if they had known me - the one true God."
[Matthew 27:46] - And about the ninth hour Yahshua cried with a loud voice, 'Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?' that is, 'My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken me?' Who is Yahshua calling out to and how can God forsake Himself?
[Matthew 26:39] - And going a little
farther he fell on his face and prayed, "My
Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I
will, but as You will."
Yahshua calls the One to whom he prayed his Father, so how can Jesus be 'the Everlasting Father,' if he called another his Father? How could Yahshua be the Father if the will of Yahshua is not the same as the will of the Father? This denies the very idea of the trinity.
[1 Cor. 15:25-28] "For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. The last enemy that will be abolished is death. For, “He put all things in subjection under his feet.” But when he says, “All things are put in subjection”, it is evident that he is excepted who subjected all things to him. When all things have been subjected to Him, then the Son (Yahshua) will also himself BE SUBJECTED TO HIM [Yahweh] who subjected all things to him, that God may be all in all." When the "last enemy" (Death) has been abolished, then Yahweh will again be over ALL THINGS - including His son - the Messiah.
15. Yahshua said his “teaching” was NOT his… [John 7:17]
“Yahshua therefore answered them, “My teaching is NOT mine, but his who sent me.”
If Yahshua were co-equal with his Father – and fully God, his teaching would be “equal” to the fathers and there could not possibly be a distinction between the two “persons.” So why would Yahshua say that his teaching is NOT his, but his Fathers?
If Yahshua was co-equally divine with the other two divine persons of the trinity - God the Father and God the Holy Spirit, when he said that he could only speak and act as directed by his Father then he couldn't possibly be co-equal with God the Father. Notwithstanding Yahshua's relationship to God the Holy Spirit, this relationship dynamic, that Yahshua personally verified as a fact, necessarily makes him subordinate to the Father, which unequivocally means that Yahshua is NOT co-equally divine. If trinitarians insist that Yahshua is divine, then he is a lessor divine person than God the Father. He obviously isn't co-equally divine and by his own words is subordinate to God the Father. Again, it isn't clear where God the Holy Spirit fits into the trinitarian dynamic.
16. Yahshua said that he was the Messiah – NOT YAHWEH. (Mark 14:61-62)
“But who do you say that I am?” 16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” 17 And Yahshua said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Barjona, because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but My Father who is in heaven… (Matthew 16:16-18)
…Then He/Yahshua warned the disciples that they should tell no one that He was the Christ.
Yahshua told the high priests that he was the son of God… (Mark 14:61-62)
17. YAHWEH is the “Father” and "God" of ALL – Including the Father of Yahshua. Yahshua clearly said so... and so did Apostle Paul (John 20:17)
"The New Testament speaks of Yahweh as the Lord, the God, and the Father of believers. Significantly, Yahweh is all of these things to Jesus, e.g., “I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God” (John 20:17). There is no biblical problem in referring to Yahweh by these three titles (Lord, God, Father) even in relation to Jesus.
Paul likewise speaks of “the God and Father of our Lord Yahshua Messiah” (Rom.15:6; 2Cor.1:3; 11:31; Eph.1:3; cf. 1Pet. 1:3). If Jesus is really God, then God would be the God of God.
The very fact that Yahshua has a Father already rules him out as God. That is because Paul speaks of “one God and Father of all” (Eph.4:6). In other words, there is only one God, and that God is the Father of all. Therefore anyone who is not the Father of all is not God. But Yahshua is certainly not the Father (not even in trinitarianism), much less the Father of all. God’s people are not called “sons of Yahshua” or “children of Christ,” nor do they cry out, “Abba Christ!” On the contrary, 1John 5:18 says that we are “born of God” and that Yahshua was “born of God”—in the same sentence." (From “The Only Perfect Man” – Eric H. H. Chang)
18. Yahshua was NOT a schizophrenic.
If Yahshua is “fully God” and “fully
human” then his words would make him out to be schizophrenic. He said God was
greater than he, that he was not “good,” that he was God’s slave. But he also
said if you knew (had seen) him then you knew (had seen) God and that he was
“one” with God. So how difficult was it for his disciples to distinguish
“which” Yahshua was speaking – the God/Yahshua or the human/Jesus.
If Yahshua is fully God and fully man then his prayer in the garden before he was taken and crucified is the best example of a schizophrenic episode. Think about the dialog Yahshua is having with someone who he is supposedly co-equal with? And not only co-equal with, but if you believe the trinity, also the same "essence" of being. Why would Yahshua be under such agony and distress if he holds the same power, knows all things and even has the identical will as the co-equal God he is praying to? Seriously, if Yahshua and the God he is praying to are EQUAL in every respect, it makes no sense that Yahshua would be in agony and distress because he knows EVERYTHING! Please take these facts into consideration and read the accounts in Luke 22 and Matthew 26. If Jesus is just a human then his prayer makes perfect sense. But if Yahshuais "God" as trinitarians believe, it calls into question not only his sanity, but the entire plan of a multi-person god.
In fact, if his disciples were Trinitarians then they would have always had to discern exactly which Yahshua was speaking. The same goes for Trinitarians today; they have to discern for themselves which Jesus spoke which words. The problem then comes when Jesus says that ALL his words and actions come from his Father. So what are we to do with that statement?
If Yahshua were co-equal and of the same essence as the God of Israel then why would he make the following statement saying that his Father was the "only true God?"
Yahshua said these things, and lifting up his eyes to heaven, he said, “Father, the time has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may also glorify you; even as you gave him authority over all flesh, he will give eternal life to all whom you have given him. This is eternal life, that they should know you (Yahweh), the only true God, and him whom you sent, Jesus Christ. I glorified you on the earth." (John 17:1-4)
19. YAHWEH has many “sons” – and daughters. (Psalm 2:7, 82:6)
The term “son of God” is not exclusive to Jesus as many were called “sons of God” in the OT and NT. So just being called that does not make Yahshua the divine son of God any more than Adam and Eve were divine because God made them. Yahshua was the only “begotten” son of God because he was created through being “born” of a woman without a human father.
20. YAHWEH cannot be tempted. (James 1:11)
Yahshua was tempted. (Matthew 4:1-11, James 1:13, Hebrews 4:15)
*Only AFTER he received the Holy Spirit.
“But the New Testament declares that Yahshua is a man, a true human being who was tempted like us in every respect. That being so, how could Yahshua have faced every temptation in life without having once failed? The trinitarian’s answer to this question has the effect of reducing it—and the central struggle of human life—to meaninglessness, for if Yahshua is God, then he cannot be tempted, much less succumb to sin. It would be unconvincing to say that Yahshua empathizes with our moral and spiritual struggles, or with our painful defeats in these struggles, when he himself can never fall and doesn’t even need to struggle, since no temptation can ever bring down God. This makes Yahshua’ humanity irrelevant for us.” (From “The Only Perfect Man” – Eric H. H. Chang)
21. YAHWEH can have no part in sin – flesh.
Yahshua was made in the likeness of sinful flesh. (Romans 8:3)
By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Yahshua Messiah has come in the flesh is from God; (1 John 4:2)
In the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety. (Hebrews 5:7)
*If Yahshua were God, living sinless would be expected - not extraordinary.
Yahshua made a choice to accept good over evil. (Isiah 7:14-16) We can do the same thing!
God is pro-life and pro-choice.
22. YAHWEH knows all things.
Yahshua does not know the time when he will return. He explicitly said that “ONLY the Father knows…” (Matthew 24:36, Mark 13:32) This difference of “knowledge” proves there is a distinct separation of the two persons of Yahweh and Yahshua – “only” the Father “knows” and is omniscient, but NOT the son – and for that matter, not even the Holy Spirit. This truth causes a fatal problem for Trinitarians because their “Godhead” of God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit are supposed to be “co-equal” in ALL aspects of divinity.
Also, Yahshua did not know who had touched his robe in a large crowd. (Luke 8:43-48)
Even as the central theme of his message – the gospel of the coming kingdom of God - Yahshua didn’t know when that kingdom of Israel would be restored (Acts 1:6) Yahshua – even after his resurrection - specifically tells his followers that only his Father (and his God) knows that answer.
God gave the “revelation” to Jesus. So why didn’t Yahshua know it? (Revelation 1:1)
Yahshua said I only speak what I hear from my Father. (John 5:19, 8:28, 12:49-50)
Trinitarians must agree, regarding the “fully God” Yahshua, that as far as his omniscience, the “fully human” Yahshua was obviously on a “need-to-know” basis.
*“We are then left with two possibilities: either Yahshua is not God, or God is not omniscient! The former is biblically correct but unacceptable to trinitarians, whereas the latter is blasphemous.”
*(From “The Only Perfect Man” – Eric H. H. Chang)
23. YAHWEH holds supreme authority over every created thing. There is NO “co-equality” beween Yahweh and Yahshua!
Yahshua did not have authority to appoint who sits at his right/left hand.
His authority comes from God – but God is not subject to Yahshua's authority.
For He (Yahshua) must reign until He (Yahshua) has put all His enemies under His feet. The last enemy that will be abolished is death. For He (God) has put all things in subjection under His (Yahshua’) feet. But when He (Yahweh) says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is evident that He (Yahweh) is the exception who put all things in subjection to Him (Yahshua). When all things are subjected to Him (God), then the Son Himself (Yahshua also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, so that God may be all in all. (1 Cor. 15:25-28)
Yahshua said, “No one comes to the Father but by me.” So - no one comes to me but by me? That simply does not make any sense - unless you understand that Yahshua is Yahweh's servant doing Yahweh's bidding.
24. Yahshua is, and always has been, subordinate to his father Yahweh (1 Cor. 15)
25 For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. 26 The last enemy to be destroyed is death. 27 For he “has put everything under his feet.” Now when it says that “everything” has been put under him, it is clear that this does not include Yahweh himself, who put everything under Yahshua Christ. 28 When he has done this, then the Son himself will be made subject to him who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all. (1 Cor. 15:25-28)
There isabsolutelyno ambiguity in what the Apostle Paul is saying in this account of whatis literally currently transpiring and what will happenwhen the "last enemy" is destroyed. Yahshua will one day “hand-over” the kingdom of God to his Father Yahweh.
You heard me tell you, ‘I am going away and I will come back to you.’ If you loved me, you would rejoice that I am going to the Father; for the Father is greater than I. (John 14:28)
This passage is self explainatory.
25. The "word" of YAHWEH is the “only” true word and the "word" of Yahweh is the true "word" of judgement. (Deut. 18:15-18)
Yahshua spoke only the words his father gave him to speak and he clearly stated that he NEVER spoke for himself - only for his father.
I can of myself do nothing. As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is righteous; because I don’t seek my own will, but the will of my Father who sent me. (John 5:30)
48 “If anyone hears my words but does not keep them, I do not judge that person. For I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 There is a judge for the one who rejects me and does not accept my words; the very words I have spoken will condemn them at the last day. 49 For I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me to say all that I have spoken. 50 I know that his command leads to eternal life. So whatever I say is just what the Father has told me to say.” (John 12)
If we are to truly believe Yahshua, that the words he spoke were 100% from his father Yahweh? Then if Yahshua was in fact also God, how can it be reconciled that Yahshua did not take credit for those words?
If Yahshua ONLY spoke the words of his Father, and those words are what will judge the world, then it is his Father Yahweh who is the one doing the judging - NOT Yahshua.
26. YAHWEH cannot die (Immortal) - Yahshua died (Mortal) (Psalms 90:2. Malachi 3:6, Revelation 1:4, 17, 2:8))
Yahshua told John in Revelation 1:18 – “I was dead…” So who was talking to John here? Was it the man Yahshua or the God Yahshua?
In the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety. (Heb. 5:7)
(1 Timothy 1:17) To the King of the ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever.
(1 Timothy 6:16) "...who alone has immortality, who dwells in unapproachable light, whom no one has ever seen or can see. To him be honor and eternal dominion. Amen."
(1 Corinthians 15:3) Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures
(Romans 5:10) We were reconciled to God through the death of His Son.
Yahshua died and was dead for three days – It was God who raised him from the dead.
If Yahshua is the inseparable fully God and fully man, then who died on the cross?
Did Yahshua (God) raise himself from the dead?
Was God an “offering and a sacrifice to Himself as a fragrant aroma”? (Ephesians 5:2)
27. YAHWEH is ALL Powerful: Yahshua attributed everything he did and said to his Father.
"I can of myself do nothing. As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is righteous; because I don’t seek my own will, but the will of my Father who sent me." (John 5:30)
- Yahshua’s powers were given to him through the gift of the Holy Spirit by Yahweh.
- ‘All power is given unto me.’ (Matt 28:18)
- Yahshua only performed miracles after he received the Holy Spirit.
- Yahshua was tempted by Satan for 40 days – after he received the Holy Spirit – and even then, he needed “help” from angles afterward.
- Yahweh is all-powerful! No one gave Yahweh His powers, otherwise He would not be God because He would be weak. Therefore, because the Bible clearly attests to Yahshua's weakness, he could not be God.
- Yahshua was born a man at a finite point in time. He ate, drank, slept and prayed to his God. Yahshua was not self-sufficient - he needed certain things to sustain his existence - as all human beings do. On the other hand, Yahweh needs nothing to sustain His existence.
*”Since God Almighty is omnipotent, would it not be
blasphemous to speak of Him as weak? If God the Son is of the same substance as
God the Father, he would also be omnipotent and could not in any sense be
described as weak. The point is simple: If he exhibits any weakness
or need whatsoever, he can not be God. If he is Almighty, he can not be
a man. If he is mortal, he can not be God. If he is immortal, he can not be a
man.” *(From “The Only Perfect Man”
– Eric H. H. Chang)
In 2 Corinthians 13:4 the apostle Paul clearly states that it was due to his "weakness" that Yahshua suffered and died and that it is by the power of Yahweh that he now lives.
"For he was crucified through weakness, yet he lives through the power of God."
28. YAHWEH doesn’t need to grow-up or learn anything. (Malachi 3:6)
Yahshua had limitations of knowledge and in his lifetime had to learn things.
The Bible says clearly that he grew in wisdom and stature. (Luke 2:52) Yahweh grows in nothing!
Yahshua had to learn and was made perfect through his suffering and tribulations while in the flesh. (Hebrews 5:7-10) Yahweh learns nothing - and IS perfect!
Trinitarians say that Isiah 7:14-16 refers to Yahshua. If this is true, then as a young boy, Yahshua did not know right from wrong (Vs. 16) and at some point had to choose good over evil. (This incident may not even refer to Yahshua’ birth)
*Are we to believe that God the son (Yahshua) transported from heaven into the womb of Mary and was born an infant that had total dependence for his life on his mother and father? If one is to believe that is so, at what point did God the son in heaven enter/possess Yahshua the man – spatially, functionally and geographically that is? Was it as a toddler, adolescent, or teen? Exactly when was it?
“The biblical Jesus, in his pleas to his Father Yahweh, “was heard in that he feared” (Heb.5:7, KJV). What did he fear? Physical death? Certainly not, for Jesus was the one who said, “Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.” (Mt.10:28) What Jesus feared was not death but the mortal danger of succumbing to sin and thus failing the mission of redeeming mankind from sin. I am confident that whatever fear Jesus had, it was not for himself, just as Paul (who had the mind of Christ, 1Cor.2:16) was willing to be accursed for the sake of his fellow Jews, exchanging his soul for theirs (Rom.9:3).
But with the weight of mankind’s redemption resting on his shoulders, Jesus could still fail on his part, notwithstanding the benefit of Yahweh’s indwelling presence in him. We might not be able to understand the weight of responsibility that rested on his soul, but we are fully aware of the frightening possibility of moral failure even in the case of one who is indwelt by Yahweh’s Spirit and can therefore avail of God’s power for victory over sin. We thus have a glimpse of the wonder and magnificence of Jesus’ triumph over sin. It was through the sufferings from many trials and temptations over the years that he attained perfection to become the Perfect Man.
Jesus is the victorious Last Adam in contrast to the First Adam. His victory over sin secured the redemption of mankind, hence the resurrected Jesus became a “life-giving spirit” (1Cor.15:45).”
(From “The Only Perfect Man” – Eric H. H. Chang)
29. YAHWEH is NOT an “heir” of anything (Heb. 1:1-4)
God, is not an heir and does not inherit His own belongings – especially His name.
1 God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, 2 in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world. 3 And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, 4 having become as much better than the angels, as He has inherited a more excellent name than they.
9 But we do see Him who was made for a little while lower than the angels, namely, Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, so that by the grace of God He might taste death for everyone. (Hebrews 2:9)
So if Yahshua is God how is it that he became lower than angles and had to inherit his name – which put him above the angles?
30. Yahshua “received HONOR and GLORY FROM God the Father:” (1 Peter 1:17, Acts 3:13, John 8:54)
For when He received honor and glory FROM God the Father, such an utterance as this was made to Him by the Majestic Glory, “This is My beloved Son with whom I am well-pleased”— 18 and we ourselves heard this utterance made from heaven when we were with Him on the holy mountain. 1 Peter 1:17-18
Yahshua answered, “If I glorify myself, my glory IS NOTHING; it is my Father who glorifies me…” John 8:54 (Two points: 1. If Yahshua were “equal” with God he would already have all glory. 2. Yahshua admits openly that he “received” glory FROM Yahweh – proving that he is not “equal” or “greater” than Yahweh)
If Jesus was God he would – eternally – HAVE “honor and glory.” But scripture is very clear that Jesus “received honor and glory” at a specific time to have Peter, John and James not only as witnesses to his receiving honor and glory from God, but also for the three men to receive a directive from God to “listen to him/Jesus.”
The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified His servant Jesus, the one whom you delivered and disowned in the presence of Pilate, when he had decided to release Him. Acts 3:13
Certainly the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob would not have to bestow glory on Himself?
31. Yahshua was created lower than angels – for a while. (Hebrews 2:7, 9)
"You made him a little lower than the angels. You crowned him with glory and honor."(vs7) "But we do see him who was made for a little while lower than the angels, namely, Jesus."(vs9)
Yahweh, the Creator of angels, cannot be lower than His own creation, but scripture clearly states that Yahshua was "for a little while" lower than angles. Because Yahshua was a human - born of a woman - he was lower than the angles for a while until he was raised from the dead and "crowned with glory and honor" by his Father Yahweh.
The Messiah - Yahshua - was NOT God and is not now or ever going to be God.
32. Yahshua was a “mediator” “between” God and man. (1 Timothy 2:5)
If Yahshua is the "mediator" who is "between" God and men, he can't also be "fully God” as taught by Trinitarians! No person can mediate “between” himself and another. In which case, one can logically conclude that the all-powerful Yahweh also cannot "mediate" between Himself and another. If Yahshua IS, as this scripture indicates, a mediator “between” Yahweh and men, then he can’t possibly also be fully God.
33. YAHWEH needs favor from no one. (Luke 2:52)
Jesus garnered favor from God.
"And Jesus INCREASED in wisdom and stature, and in favor WITH GOD and men."
34. YAHWEH is and always has been spirit - invisible:
Before his resurrection Jesus was just a man and could be seen by anyone. (Romans 5:19 - and many other places) Where was Yahshua when Yahweh interacted with Moses and passed by him on the mountain?
35. YAHWEH bears His own testimony.
Apart from his Father/God, Jesus said his testimony was not
true. John 5:31-32
“If I testify about myself, my witness is not valid. It is another who testifies about me.
I know that the testimony which he testifies about me is true."
36. YAHWEH has one will - His good and perfect will.
Jesus had a will apart from God. (Not MY will, but your (Yahweh's) will be done) John 5:30, Mark 14:36, Luke 22:42
37. YAHWEH gave Yahshua the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 3:16-17)
If Yahshua is co-equal with God and the Holy Spirit, and has existed eternally, why didn’t Yahshua already have the Holy Spirit? At Yahshua's baptism, God sent His Spirit into Yahshua. What spirit exactly?
Now when all the people were baptized, was also baptized, and while He was praying, heaven was opened, and the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came out of heaven, “You are My beloved Son, in You I am well-pleased.” (Luke 3:21-22)
Now Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led around by the Spirit in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by the devil. (Luke 4:1-2)
Was it the “human” Yahshua that received the Holy Spirit? And was this the same Holy Spirit we are promised to receive - the same one Yahshua said he would send as our "helper"?
But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you. (John 14:25-26)
It's very important to look at the facts of scripture in this case. Yahshua's ministry began AFTER he received the Holy Spirit from his father, Yahweh. He performed no miracles before he received the Holy Spirit - only after he received it. If Yahshua were in fact "God," why would he need the Holy Spirit?
38. YAHWEH “set His seal” upon Jesus (John 6:27)
Jesus said, “Do not work for the food which perishes, but for the food which endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give to you, for on Him (Jesus) the Father, God, has set His seal.” A “seal” was a sign of ownership/possession and genuineness by the one who “set” the seal. In declaring that his Father has “set His seal” upon him, Jesus agreed that his Father “owns” him, and that he (Jesus) is under His Father’s complete control and guidance. His Father’s seal also gave proof that Jesus was the “genuine Messiah” – through the signs and wonders performed by Jesus.
39. YAHWEH is the Glory
If Jesus was eternally fully God - he would be eternally glorified.
See “Athanasian Creed” #6, #7
But as scripture states: God “glorified” His son – Jesus (John 17:1, 13:31-32)
See also John 8:49 - This "ONE" Jesus speaks of can only be God. If Jesus were "fully God," not only would he be eternally glorified as God is, he would be as the "One" he speaks of seeking glory - GOD! So in this case, Jesus - the “co-equal” God person – is not so equal at all.
40. YAHWEH is deserving of all glory and honor.
Jesus agreed, and only received his glory from God and was only a conduit to God’s glory. (John 5:22-23, 7:1f – vs 3*)
Jesus did not seek his own glory – only the glory of his Father – his God.
41. YAHWEH is greatest of all.
Jesus said his Father (God) was “greater than ALL” – and “greater than I.” (John 10:29, 14:28)
The eternal co-equal trinity crumbles on this fact alone!
God is the head of Christ (1 Cor. 11:3)
God made Jesus both Lord and Christ. (Acts 2:36)
Jesus was made “lower” than angles for a time, later he was “crowned” with glory. (Heb. 2)
Jesus is, and always has been, subordinate to God (1 Cor. 15)
Jesus will one day “hand-over” the kingdom of God and Father (1 Cor. 15)
Jesus said God was the only true God. (John 17:3)
Jesus is God’s “holy servant.” (Acts 40:30)
God has never been lower than or subject to anyone or anything
Every word and deed of Jesus exalted and pointed to God
*A great contradiction occurs when Yahshua says that he and the Father are “one,” and also says that the Father is “greater” than he. Both can’t be true!
42. YAHWEH can do all things.
Jesus said he could do nothing without his Fathers direction/power. (John 5:19-20, 30)
“30 By myself I can do nothing; I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me.”
Jesus’ power and knowledge was limited by God (Mark 8:22-26, Mark 6:5) If the trinity doctrine says that all three persons of the godhead are co-equal then the Father would not have any greater power than Jesus. In fact, if the trinity doctrine is true, Jesus could do anything the Father does, but scripture clearly contradicts the trinity doctrine.
43. Yahshua was called/identified a “man” (1 Timothy 2:5-6) (1 Cor. 15:20-22f – read the entire context)
For there is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus, 6 who gave himself as a ransom for all people.
20 But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. 21 For since by a man (Adam) came death, by a man (Jesus) also came the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam (A man) all die, so also in Christ (A man) all will be made alive.
44 If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living soul.” The last (man) Adam (Jesus) became a life-giving spirit. (Paul goes on to say that if Jesus was not raised from the dead then there is no hope and those who follow him, and they are all to be pitied. His argument was that Jesus the man had in fact died on the cross – just like the two other men beside him.)
When Jesus said “It is finished,” (John 19:30) he implied that he had done everything his Father had told him to do on this earth as a man. The next step was all on God! (Father, into Your hands I commit My spirit.) Jesus knew he could NOT perform the next step – which was to be raised from the dead to a NEW spiritual/imperishable body. Jesus proved to all mankind that God was true to His promise – that man could live again as immortal. The act of obedience by Jesus and the reward of his eternal life by God is what all mankind can look to with the hope and assurance that there IS eternal/immortal life after death. Jesus, the second Adam, paved the way to eternal life in the Kingdom of God!
44 It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness fell over the whole land until the ninth hour, 45 because the sun was obscured; and the veil of the temple was torn in two. 46 And Jesus, crying out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into Your hands I commit My spirit.” Having said this, He breathed His last. (Luke 23:44-46)
44. There is no God but One.
Jesus said that having only “ONE God” was the foremost commandment. (Shema)
So then, about eating food sacrificed to idols: We know that “An idol is nothing at all in the world” and that “There is no God but one.” 5 For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as indeed there are many “gods” and many “lords”), 6 yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live. (John 1:4-6)
45. YAHWEH is good.
Jesus agreed and said, “no one is good but God alone.” (Denying that he was God/divine)
If Jesus was God he would not have rebuked the man for saying he was good.
46. YAHWEH has moral superiority.
Jesus grew in morality. (Heb. 5:7-9)
47. YAHWEH commands obedience.
Jesus learned obedience through suffering – and Jesus obeyed all God’s commands
48. YAHWEH fears nothing.
Jesus feared (had reverence) God. (Heb. 5:7)
49. YAHWEH taught & commanded Yahshua
‘As my Father hath taught me, I speak these things,’ (John 8:28)
‘The Father, who sent me, he gave me a commandment.’ (John 12:49)
‘I have kept my Father’s commandments.’ (John 15:10)
No one can teach God, otherwise God cannot be All-Knowing and would owe His teacher. Since Jesus was taught and commanded by God, Jesus cannot be God himself. The teacher and the student, the commander and the commanded are not one.
50. YAHWEH made Yahshua both ‘lord’ and “Messiah” (Acts 2:36, 5:31, Romans 14:9)
‘God has made this Jesus both Lord and Christ.’ (Acts 2:36, 5:31)
‘Lord (lord) is used in many ways in the Bible, and others beside God and Jesus are called ‘Lord.’ For example:
1) property owners (Matt. 20:8)
2) heads of households (Mark 13:35)
3) slave owners (Matt. 10:24)
4) husbands (1 Pet. 3:6)
5) a son called his father Lord (Matt. 21:30)
6) the Roman Emperor was called Lord (Acts 25:26)
7) Roman authorities were called Lord (Matt. 27:63)
‘Lord’ is not the same as ‘God.’ ‘Lord’ (the Greek word is kurios) is a masculine title of respect and nobility used many times in the Bible. If Jesus was God, then for the Bible to say he was ‘made’ Lord would make no sense.
51. YAHWEH does NOT have to “overcome” anything.
Jesus said that he “overcame,” just as we also, if we want to have eternal life, must overcome. (Revelation 3:21)
52. Yahshua called the Father ‘my God’
‘My God, My God, why have You forsaken me?’ (Matt. 27:46)
‘I ascend to my Father and your Father, and my God and your God.’ (John 20:17)
‘the temple of my God the name of my God the city of my God comes down out of heaven from my God.’ (Rev. 3:12)
Jesus did not think of himself as God, instead Jesus’ God is the same as ours.
53. Yahshua’s God is also our God.
Jesus said "I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God."
54. Yahshua’s Apostles/disciples did not believe he was God. (Ephesians 1:17)
…that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of Him. Acts 2:22, Matthew 12:18, Acts 5:29-30
Paul knew that there was only one God of Israel and that Yahweh was in fact God of ALL creation - including His son Yahshua. He wrote to the Ephesian Ekklesia and prayed: "that the God of our Lord Yahshua Messiah, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him;" Did you get that? The same God Paul worshiped was also the God of Yahshua.
Paul also was very clear about the distinction between Yahweh and Yehshua in his first letter to the Corinthians:
Therefore concerning the eating of things sacrificed to idols, we know that no idol is anything in the world, and that there is no other God but one. For though there are things that are called “gods”, whether in the heavens or on earth; as there are many “gods” and many “lords”; yet to us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and we live through him. (vs 4-6)
Paul does not depict Jesus as co-equal with God, but instead says that God is of superior rank to Jesus:
“But I would have you know that the head of every man in Christ and the head of the woman is the man and the head of Christ is God” (1 Corinthians 11:3).
Paul puts a considerable strain on “trinitarianism” when he clearly distinguishes between God and Jesus by saying:
“For there is one God and one mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus.” (1 Timothy 2:5)
Paul did not indicate any change in the nature of God as he wrote:
“A mediator is not a mediator of one, BUT GOD IS ONE.” (Galatians 3:20)
The disciples viewed Jesus as the “one mediator between God and men,” not as God himself, but two separate beings.
While Jesus is often called the Son of God, nobody in the first century ever thought of him as being a deity. Paul confirms this relationship as he wrote:
“Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and the God of all comfort.” (2Corinthians 1:3)
The idea of a trinity is not even present in the Church of Jerusalem when Peter, leader of the church wrote:
“Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1 Peter 1:3)
If Yahshua had made it clear to his disciples that he was in fact God, then it would stand to reason that they, in their teachings and writings, would have made every effort to convey that miraculous message to the world - that the God of Israel had incarnated into a man. But they didn't - WHY? Simply because Yahshua never said he was God and his disciples understood that he was the son of Yahweh - not Yahweh.
55. Satan does not believe Yahshua is YAHWEH.
Satan never referred to Jesus (during the temptation) as “God.” Satan said, “If you are the “son of God…”
Even Satan knows Jesus is NOT God!
56. Yahshua was YAHWEH’s servant – YAHWEH’s emissary - not YAHWEH’s equal
See the “Athanasian Creed”
Matthew 12:18, Acts 3:13 & 26, Matt. 9:8,
‘a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst.’ (Acts 2:22)
“he went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.’ (Acts 10:38)
If Christ was God, the Bible would simply say that Jesus did the miracles himself without making reference to God. The fact that it was God supplying the power for the miracles shows that God is greater than Jesus.
*Jesus did not begin his ministry (Preaching repentance and the coming kingdom of God) until after he was baptized and received the holy spirit. (Matthew 4:17)
57. Yahshua was sent by YAHWEH and was given authority by Him (John 3:34-36)
34 For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God; for He gives the Spirit without measure. 35 The Father loves the Son and has given all things into His hand. 36 He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not [j]obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”
11 For both He who sanctifies and those who are sanctified are all from one Father; for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren, (Heb. 2:11)
Being “sent by God” is not exclusive to Jesus – Clearly, Hebrews says that both man and Jesus were sent “from ONE God.”
Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You - With the oil of gladness above your companions.” (Heb. 1:9)
58. Yahshua regarded himself and YAHWEH as two separate and distinct persons. (Gospel of John testifies to this)
‘I am one who testifies for myself;
my other witness is the Father.’ (John 8:17-18:)
‘Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me.’ (John 14:1)
“If you have seen ME you have seen the FATHER also.”Thomas “gets it” when he “sees and believes” – “Thomas answered, My Lord and my God.”
If Jesus was God, He would have not have regarded God’s testimony as separate from his own.
59. Yahshua is subordinate to God (John 5:30) See the “Athanasian Creed”
‘Now I want you to realize that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is man, and the head of Christ is God.’ (1 Corinthians 11:3)
‘When he has done this, then the son himself will be made subject to him (Yahweh) who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all.’ (1 Corinthians 15:28)
60. YAHWEH gave Yahshua “all authority in heaven and earth.”
Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me." (Matthew 28:18)
The point is that Yahweh “gave” something to Yahshua that he did NOT already possess .If Jesus is eternally and equally God, then he would logically already possess “all authority.”
61. Yahshua submitted and was led fully by YAHWEHs Spirit (His teachings) John 3:34, 14:24
Upon receiving God’s Spirit after baptism, the man Jesus was “led” into the wilderness by God’s Spirit. This is a perfect explanation of Jesus’ humanity – and his NOT being God. God does NOT “lead” Himself. (The word used in Mark 1:12 indicates that Jesus willingly allowed God’s Spirit to take total control of his life/actions: ekballo: I throw, cast, put out, banish, bring forth)
After being baptized and receiving God’s Spirit, Jesus attributes his every word and deed to his Father, and his every word and deed points to his Father – not himself.
“Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in Me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on My own initiative, but the Father abiding in Me does His works.” John 14:10
Jesus said I am the way – not the destination!
* (John 8:42) In this passage
Yahshua clearly declares that he is NOT in control of his part in Yahweh’s plan
– but that he is who he is, says what he says and does what he does only by Yahweh’s initiative.
In Matthew 12:30-32 Yahshua stated that the Holy Spirit was somehow more "superior or important" than he was.
30 “He who is not with me is against me, and he who doesn’t gather with me, scatters. 31 Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven men. 32 Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, neither in this age, nor in that which is to come.
Yahshua said that we can say what we want about him and can be forgiven, but not about the Holy Spirit. Why?
62. Yahshua's’ teachings were from YAHWEH - not from himself
‘So Jesus answered them and said, ‘My teaching is not mine,
but His who sent me.’ (John 7:16) Jesus could not have said this if he were God
because the doctrine would have been his.
I can of myself do nothing. As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is righteous; because I don’t seek my own will, but the will of my Father who sent me. (John 5:30)
63. Yahshua was YAHWEH’s prophet that the Jews ASKED FOR. (Deut. 18:15-18)
Jesus – the man - spoke God’s eternal words.
“The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me (a man) from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him… ‘Let me (Israel) not hear again the voice of the Lord my God, let me not see this great fire anymore, or I will die.’ 17 The Lord said to me, ‘They have spoken well. 18 I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen (Jew) like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him. (Deut 18)
God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, 2 in these last days has spoken to us in His Son (Hebrews 1:1)
God’s “word” has eternally been a part of His person.
Just because Jesus’ spoke God’s eternal words doesn’t mean Jesus was eternal.
God used His prophet Moses to lead His people out of slavery: “but because the Lord loved you and kept the oath which He swore to your forefathers, the Lord brought you out by a mighty hand and redeemed you from the house of [m]slavery, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.” (Deut. 7:8)
God then used His son the prophet to lead the world out of slavery to sin. (Deut. 18:15-18)
64. Yahshua admitted that he only lived (exists) because of YAHWEH.
‘I live because of the Father.’ (John 6:57)
Jesus cannot be God because he depended on God for his own existence.
“You are My Son, Today I have begotten You”? And again, “I will be a Father to Him
And He shall be a Son to Me”? (Heb. 1:5)
*If Yahshua is co-eternal with his Father then scripture contradicts that notion when it says “today I have begotten you.”
* (John 8:42) In this passage Yahshua clearly declares that he is NOT in control of his part in Yahweh’s plan – but that he is who he is, says what he says and does what he does only by Yahweh’s initiative.
65. Yahshua implied that the Holy Spirit – as YAHWEH’s power - held more “clout” than he did. ( Matthew 12:32, Luke 12:10)
32 Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but anyone who speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come.
Yahshua knew he was just as human as the next person – that he was NOT Yahweh, and that ALL his power and authority came from his Father through His Holy Spirit. So making accusations against Yahshua - a man - was to accuse a mortal human being or person, but to make accusations against the Holy Spirit was akin to accusing Yahweh.
66. Yahshua’s disciples prayed to YAHWEH – the same God Yahshua told them to pray to.
The disciples prayed to God just as they were commanded by Jesus in Luke 11:2, and considered Jesus to be God’s servant.
‘They raised their voices together in prayer to God. ‘Sovereign Lord,’ they said, ‘you made the heaven and the earth and the sea, and everything in them.’ (Acts 4:24)
‘…your holy servant Jesus, whom you
anointed.’ (Acts 4:27)
‘…of Your holy servant Jesus.’ (Acts 4:30)
67. YAHWEH - creator of all things – NOT a “triune” god. (In both the OT and NT) (Heb. 2)
Yahshua admitted that YAHWEH was the creator of all things – not himself: (Matthew 19:4-6)
“Haven’t you read,” he replied,
“that at the beginning the Creator made them male and
Yahshua here asks the Pharisees, "Haven’t you read..." He was pointing to the Hebrew Scriptures as evidence to the Pharisees regarding who the "creator" was. Why didn't he simply tell them that he was the creator - and that all things were created through him? He didn't tell them that because Yahshua knows that there is ONE CREATOR - Yahweh! This verse puts to rest any idea that Colossians 1:6 & John 1:3 are literally speaking about Yahshua Messiah being the "creator."
Yahweh “alone” created all things: (Psalms 95:1-7) Oh come, let’s sing to Yahweh. Let’s shout aloud to the rock of our salvation! Let’s come before his presence with thanksgiving. Let’s extol him with songs! For Yahweh is a great God, a great King above all gods. In his hand are the deep places of the earth. The heights of the mountains are also his. The sea is his, and he made it.
His hands formed the dry land. Oh come, let’s worship and bow down. Let’s kneel before Yahweh, our Maker, for he is our God. (Yahweh – the personal name identifying Him as “Father,” but NO mention of the Trinitarian “second person” of godhead - “God the son” as creator)
*Jesus was a man created by God. God created the first Adam – and Eve (who were NOT God) and God created in the womb of the Virgin Mary the second Adam – born of a woman.
Jesus was born at a specific time and place and was designated (horizo) “son of God” by God. (Romans 1:1-4)
1 Corinthians 15 proves beyond a doubt that Yahshua was a created man prior to his resurrection as compared to Adam: 20 But now Christ has been raised from the dead. He became the first fruits of those who are asleep. 21 For since death came by man (Adam), the resurrection of the dead also came by man (Yahshua). 22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. 23 But each in his own order: Christ the first fruits, then those who are Christ’s, at his coming.
Trinitarians use John 1 to say that Jesus was “with” God in the genesis of creation and that all things were created through him/Jesus. But that can be easily refuted when we understand that God’s “word” has eternally been with Him. In the strictest sense of the existence of anything other than God, all things created have always been – as God’s eternal word. As in Ephesians 1, where it clearly states that “we” existed in God’s “word” before creation:
3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, 4 just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before [d]Him. In love 5 [e]He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the [f]kind intention of His will, 6 to the praise of the glory of His grace, which He freely bestowed on us in the Beloved.
The promises of God are all based on His word. And our belief in those promises of God is reckoned to us as faith in something that has yet to happen or exist, but in actuality, those promises made by God are His word, and He tells us over and over in scripture to believe that those things not only will happen in our future, but have already happened and exist eternally in God’s word.
When John says the “word” became flesh it is more easily understood by Jesus’ own words when he said several times that he only spoke the “words” his Father told him to speak. So in essence, Jesus became God’s “word” in the flesh.
Many verses show that Yahweh created all things without help from anyone. This is stated with double emphasis (“alone” and “by myself”) in the following verse:
Isaiah 44:24 I am Yahweh, who made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth by myself.
Question: When scripture states that Yahweh was “alone” and “all by Himself” where is Jesus and the Holy Spirit – or are they still there, but not “in use?”
68. YAHWEH has never been seen by man - if anyone did see Him they would die. (Timothy 6:16)
Jesus said if you have seen me you have seen the Father, but none who saw Jesus died.
Jesus declared God’s ways to the world. (John 1:18)
Jesus was made in the “image/likeness” of God – he was not God incarnate.
69. YAHWEH cannot be BORN – He is eternal and has no beginning.
Jesus had a physical beginning - God
begat Jesus – if Jesus is God did God “begat” Himself? (Heb. 1:1-6) Jesus was a
fertilized egg/zygote, embryo, fetus, infant, child, toddler, adolescent, teen,
young man, adult.
At what point did the God part of Jesus become self-aware? Where was the Jesus/God before that point?
Essentially, Trinitarians must attribute Jesus’ being God to a transformation - not a begetting.
70. YAHWEH sat Yahshua at His “right hand.” (Heb. 1:13)
Did God set Himself/Jesus beside himself?
But to which of the angels has He ever said, “Sit at My right hand, Until I make Your enemies
A footstool for Your feet”? (Heb. 1:13)
71. Yahshua said he was the ONLY way/path – but YAHWEH is the final destination!
“I am the way, the truth and the life – no one comes to the Father but through me.”
Everything Jesus said or did points to the Father.
Jesus pointed “through” himself as a “way” to “come to the Father.”
Jesus was God’s “guide.”
72. Yahshua prayed to YAHWEH
Did Jesus/God pray to himself? Was “God the Father” the “senior” “person” of the 3 persons?
73. Yahshua cried out, "My God, My God, why have you forsaken Me?"
Had Jesus/God forsaken Himself?
74. Yahshua said He would ascend to the Father after His resurrection.
Did Jesus/God ascend to Himself?
75. Yahshua is the “mediator” between YAHWEH and Man. (1 Timothy 2:5)
How can God be His own mediator? “There is ONE God and ONE mediator between God and men – the MAN Christ Jesus”
76. Paul explains the importance of understanding Yahshua's’ part in YAHWEH’s plan for mankind. (Ephesians 1)
Jesus was appointed by God as his heir, which, when God raised Jesus from the dead and sat him on His throne, marked the beginning of a new age and would usher in all ages to come.
These are in accordance with the working of the strength of His might 20 which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, 21 far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. 22 And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church, 23 which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.
77. The Bible says twice that Yahshua was “accused” of being YAHWEH, but Yahshua never specifically said “I am YAHWEH.”
Trinitarians believe the words of Jesus' accusers/enemies (Lies) over the the words of Jesus (Truth) when it comes to assigning deity to him. While it is true that some of Jesus' enemies accused him of being God, their words do not make it so.
Yahshua denied he was God: According to scripture, there are only two instances where the Jews opposed Jesus on the basis that he "claimed" to be God or equal with God. Had Jesus actually claimed to be God, he is likely to have been opposed on this basis at every opportunity by the Jewish leaders.
Because in these two instances, when charged, in the one case, with making himself God, and in the other, with making himself equal with God, he denied the charges. In reply to the charge of being an equal with God, he says immediately:
‘The son can do nothing of himself, but what he sees the Father do’; and directly after ‘I can of mine own self do nothing.’ (John 5:19, 30)
In answer to the charge of making himself God, he appeals to the Jews in substance thus: Your own Scriptures call Moses a god, and your magistrates gods; I am surely not inferior to them, yet I did not call myself God, but only the ‘son’ of God (John 10:34-36).
This is unlikely to have been Jesus’ actual response. Hastings in ‘The Dictionary of the Bible’ says, ‘Whether Jesus used it of himself is doubtful.’ Grolier’s encyclopedia, under the heading ‘Jesus Christ,’ says, ‘it is uncertain whether the Father/Son language (Mark 18:32; Matt. 11:25-27 par.; John passim) goes back to Jesus himself.’ A University of Richmond professor, Dr. Robert Alley, after considerable research into newly found ancient documents concludes that:
‘The (Biblical) passages where Jesus talks about the Son of God are later additions. Such a claim of deity for himself would not have been consistent with his entire lifestyle as we can reconstruct. For the first three decades after Jesus’ death Christianity continued as a sect within Judaism. The first three decades of the existence of the church were within the synagogue. That would have been beyond belief if they (the followers) had boldly proclaimed the deity of Jesus.’
Assuming Jesus did say that he was ‘son’ of God. What did it mean? We first need to know the language of his people, the language of the Jews to whom he was speaking.
78. The Bible says YAHWEH had many ‘sons’
First, most people think there are no other verses that contradict or give equal divine sonship to other persons in the Old or New Testament.
For Jesus to be called son of God, does not make him a true son of God, other wise Adam, Jacob, Ephraim and many more should also be considered as been sons of God as such they should be worshiped too according to such method.
Adam: ‘Adam, which was the son of God.’ (Luke 3:38)
Jacob is God’s son and firstborn: ‘Israel is my son, even my firstborn.’ (Exodus 4:22)
Solomon: ‘I will be his father, and he shall be my son.’ (2 Samuel 7:13-14)
Ephraim: ‘for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.’ (Jeremiah 31:9)
is God’s firstborn, common people are called the sons of God: ‘Ye are the children of the Lord your God’ (Deuteronomy 14:1)
79. The Apostles never took opportunity to explain that Yahshua was a God-man.
In Acts 14 Paul and Barnabas were called god-men by the people who had witnessed a healing miracle. The people said, “The gods have come down to us in the likeness of men!” The people were preparing to offer sacrifices to them and Paul and Barnabas both "tore their clothes, and sprang into the multitude, crying out, Men, why are you doing these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and bring you good news, that you should turn from these vain things to the living God, who made the heaven and the earth and the sea, and everything that is in them. So what were the "vain things" Paul and Barnabas told the people to turn from? The "vain things" was believing that gods can come down and live as god-men! However, instead of taking advantage of that "teachable moment" and explaining to them that the true God of Israel had in fact come down and became the incarnate God-man, Paul and Barnabas simply told the people that god-men were not real and that they should turn to the "living God" Yahweh, who alone "made the heaven and the earth and the sea and everything that is in them."
80. YAHWEH does not have a "God," but Yahshua's God is YAHWEH - also "our" God. (John 20:17) It doesn't get any clearer than this.
Jesus said to her, “Don’t hold me, for I haven’t yet ascended to my Father; but go to my brothers, and tell them, ‘I am ascending to MY Father and YOUR Father, to MY God and YOUR God.’”
Q1. Why can’t (don’t) Trinitarians “understand” the teachings of Yahshua about his relationship to his Father?
“Why do you not understand what I am saying? It is because you cannot hear My word. 44 You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks [n]a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of [o]lies. 45 But because I speak the truth, you do not believe Me. 46 Which one of you convicts Me of sin? If I speak truth, why do you not believe Me? 47 He who is of God hears the words of God; for this reason you do not hear them, because you are not of God.” John 8:43-47
Trinitarians are blinded to the truth because they are so invested in and devoted to the trinity doctrine – the doctrine of the devil!
7 What then? That which Israel seeks for, that he didn’t obtain, but the chosen ones obtained it, and the rest were hardened. 8 According as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear, to this very day.” 9 David says,
“Let their table be made a snare, and a trap,
a stumbling block, and a retribution to them.
Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see.
Bow down their back always.”
But the Spirit says expressly that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to seducing spirits and doctrines of demons, through the hypocrisy of men who speak lies, branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron;
(1 Timothy 2:1-2)
From "History of Trinity Doctrines"
Starting in the great upheaval of the sixteenth century Protestant Reformation many Christians re-examined the New Testament and rejected many later developments as incompatible with apostolic doctrine, lacking adequate basis in it, and often as contrary to reason as well. Initially, many Reformation leaders de-emphasized the trinitarian doctrine, and seemed unsure whether or not to confine it to the same waste bin as the doctrines of papal authority and transubstantiation (Williams 2000, 459–60). In the end, though, those in what historians call the “Magisterial Reformation” decisively fell in line on behalf of creedal orthodoxy (roughly in line with the pro-Nicene consensus), while other groups, now described as the “Radical Reformation”, either downplayed it, ignored it, or denied it as inconsistent with the Bible and reason. This led to several controversies between creedal trinitarians and what came to be called “unitarians” (earlier, “Socinians”) about biblical interpretation, christology, and the Christian doctrine of God, from the mid 16th to the mid 19th centuries. (See the supplementary document on unitarianism.)
As history played out, the practically non-trinitarian groups and some of the antitrinitarian groups evolved into trinitarian ones. Although unitarian and alternative views of the Trinity have repeatedly re-emerged in various Christian and quasi-Christian movements, the vast majority of Christians and Christian groups today at least in theory adhere to the authority of the Constantinopolitan and “Athanasian” creeds. At the same time, theologians have lamented that many Christian groups are arguably functionally non-trinitarian (though not antitrinitarian) or nearly so in their piety and preaching.
In recent theology, the Trinity has become a popular subject for speculation, and its practical relevance for worship, marriage, gender relations, religious experience, and politics, has been repeatedly asserted. (See section 2.2 of the main text.) It has fallen to Christian philosophers and philosophically aware theologians to sort out what precisely the doctrine amounts to, and to defend it against charges of inconsistency and unintelligibility.
The doctrine’s basis or lack of basis in the New Testament, so vehemently debated from the 16th through the 19th centuries, is not presently a popular topic of debate. This is probably because some theologians hold the attempt to derive the doctrine from the Bible to be hopelessly naive, while other theologians, many Christian philosophers and apologists accept the common arguments (see section 2.2 above) as decisive. Again, the postmodern view that there are no better or worse interpretations of texts may play a role in quenching interest among academic theologians. Finally, it may simply be that trust in the mainstream tradition, or in various particular Christian traditions, currently runs high; many confess trinitarianism simply because their church officially does, or because it and/or the mainstream tradition tells them that the Bible teaches it. Distrust of councils and post-biblical religious authorities has largely evaporated, even among Protestants from historically anti-clerical and non-creedal groups. Ecumenical movements, and anti-sectarian sentiments probably also play a role in deflecting attention from the issues, in that to many it seems perverse to attack one of the few doctrines on which all the main, dominant Christian groups are in agreement.